Presentation on theme: "Rheumatoid Arthritis: Modern Management of an Ancient Disease Dr Chandini Rao Consultant Rheumatologist RHEUMATOLOGY IN THE 21 st CENTURY."— Presentation transcript:
Rheumatoid Arthritis: Modern Management of an Ancient Disease Dr Chandini Rao Consultant Rheumatologist RHEUMATOLOGY IN THE 21 st CENTURY
2 History of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) 123 AD first text describes symptoms very similar to RA 1800 first recognised description of RA by French physician Dr A J Landré- Beauvais (1772-1840) 1859 name “rheumatoid arthritis" itself was coined by British Dr A B Garrod.
3 What is it? Chronic, progressive, autoimmune disease Causes inflammation in joints (especially hands, wrists, feet) Systemic condition
4 What is inflammation? Normal body defence mechanism Increased blood flow Blood cells produce chemical messengers to continue the process Heat, swelling, redness, pain, loss of function
8 Who does it affect? 0.8% of UK population 3x more common in women Onset usually between ages 40 - 60 Approx 580,000 patients in UK 12,000 under age 16 26,000 new diagnoses/year NHS costs: £560 million/year Economy: £1.8 billion/year
21 Famous people with RA Dorothy Hodgkin: Nobel prize winning scientist, developed severe RA at age 28. Developed X-ray crystallography, discovered the structure of insulin and enabled discovery of the genetic code. Christiaan Barnard: performed first heart transplant in 1967, 11 years after developing RA. Wrote a book on living with arthritis Kathleen Turner: Hollywood actress Bob Mortimer: British comedian
49 The next Members health seminar will take place on:- Thursday, September 22nd 2011 12 -1 pm in the Lecture Theatre, Education Centre, BVH The topic is: “Bereavement across Lancashire and South Cumbria.”