Epidemiology Immune System - an autoimmune disease Gender – Women:men 2-3:1 Genetics Infection
Symptoms signs Joint - pain, warmth, stiffness, redness, deformities. it can start in any joint, but also start in wrist, finger, knee, elbow, toe, ankle, back, or neck. often on both sides of the body
Symptoms - other Fatigue General discomfort, uneasiness, or malaise Loss of appetite Low-grade fever Round, painless nodules under the skin Skin redness or inflammation Paleness Swollen glands Eye burning, itching, and discharge Numbness or tingling
Diagnosis – 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis (>= 4 item) Morning stiffness of the joint >1h,>6w Arthritis of 3 of more joint >6w Arthritis of wrist, metacarpophalangeal joint,( ) or proximal interphalangeal joint. ( ) >6w Symmetric arthritis >6w Rheumatoid nodules Rf (+) Radiographic changes
Treatment- general menage Education Rest / Exercise Diet
Methotrexate How to use CBC Kidney function test Liver function test Folic acid
Surgery Ensure pt. to maintain function.
Overview Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease, mainly characterized by inflammation of the joints. It can lead to long-term joint damage, resulting in chronic pain, loss of function and disability.