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Human Resource Management (Business Strategy)

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Presentation on theme: "Human Resource Management (Business Strategy)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Human Resource Management (Business Strategy)
Prepared by Grace Amin, M.Psi, Psikolog

2 Questions Do you have any plans for 3 – 5 years later?
What do you prepare to get that?

3 Does a company have any plan?
Why strategic planning is important to all manager? Organizations exist to achieve some purpose, and if they fail to achieve their ends, to that extent they have failed Those aim or goals – and the hard work you put into accomplishing them – all depend on your company’s plan

4 In well run companies, the goals from the very top of the organization down to where you’re working should form a more or less unbroken chain (or “hierarchy”) CONTOH

5 Double sales revenue $ 20 million
President Double sales revenue $ 20 million Vice President of Sales Double Sales in Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan Manager Sales, Java Add 10 new customers Manager Sales, Sumatra Hire 4 new sales people Vice president of Production Add one production line Vice President of HR Add and train 6 sales people Recruiting Manager Identify and attract 20 good sales candidates Training Manager Train 6 new salesperson

6 The Planning Process Set an objective Make forecasts
Determine what courses of action Evaluate alternatives Implement and evaluate the plan ex : planning our budget, study, career, business

7 Business Plan (long term, strategic plan)
Description of the business A comprehensive view of the firm’s situation today and of its company – wide and departmental goals and plans for the next 3 to 5 years The marketing plan The financial plan The management &/ personnel plan

8 Putting together the business plan
The MARKETING plan “the four Ps” = product, price, promotion, place The PERSONNEL / HR plan The PRODUCTION/OPERATIONS plan implementing the marketing plan The FINANCIAL plan the vehicle for doing so = the bottom line of planning

9 How Managers Set Objectives ??
Specific Measurable Attainable Relevant Timely

10 How Managers Set Objectives ??

11 How to set motivational goals??
Assign specific goals Assign measurable goals Assign challenging but doable goals Encourage participation Goals are only useful if employees are motivated to achieve them

12 Management by Objectives
Peter Drucker Supervisor and subordinate jointly set goals for the latter and periodically assess progress toward those goals Set organizational goals Set department goals Discuss department goals Set individual goals Give feedback Goals at each level will relate to those above and below Employee participation The downside is time consuming

13 Management objectives grid
Every manager needs a system for organizing how their subordinates’ goals dovetail with those of the company The goals of MOG List department managers’ supporting goals Clarify department manager own goals should be Summarize subordinates goals Track subordinates’ progress

14 The strategic management process
Strategic plan = “where are we now as a business, where do we want to be and how should we get there?” B SWOT A

15 The strategic management process
1 Define the current business and mission 2 Perform external and internal audits 3 Formulate new business and mission statements 4 Translate the mission into goals 5 Formulate strategies to achieve the strategic goals 6 Implement the strategy 7 Evaluate performance The strategic management process Strategic Planning Strategic execution Strategic evaluation

16 Types of strategies Corporate wide strategic planning
Competitive (or business unit) strategic planning Functional (or departmental) strategic planning Corporate wide Competitive Functional

17 Corporate wide strategic planning “how many and what kind of business should we be in?”
Several standard corporate strategy possibilities: Concentration (single business) strategy Diversification Vertical integration Consolidation Geographic expansion The portfolio of business that comprise the company and the way in which these businesses relate to each other

18 Competitive strategy Standard competitive strategy
Identifies how to build and strengthen the business’s long term competitive position in the marketplace Standard competitive strategy Cost leadership Differentiation Focusers HUMAN RESOURCES AS A COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE

19 Functional strategy The broad activities that each department will pursue in order to help the business accomplish its competitive goals

20 Top Manager’s Role is devising a strategic plan
Departmental Managers roles are : Help devise the strategic plan Formulate supporting, functional/ departmental strategies Execute the plans

21 Strategic HRM Formulating and executing HR policies and practices that produce the employee competencies and behaviors the company needs to achieve its strategic aims Formulate business strategy Identify workforce requirements Formulate HR strategic policies and activities Develop detailed HR scorecard measures

22 Strategic HRM tools Strategy Map The HR scorecard Digital Dashboards
“Big pictures” – how each department’s contributes to achieving company’s strategic goals The HR scorecard Take the strategy map and to quantify it Digital Dashboards Desktop graphs and charts

23 Translating strategy into HR policies and practices
New strategy Produce new services Capitalize on opportunities Offer consistently high quality services New employee competencies and behaviors New HR policies and practices New training programs Enriching work Appropriate returns Improved selection, orientation and dismissal procedures HIGH Performance work systems

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