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learning and development - consultancy - research EIPA 2011 © European Institute of Public Administration - Institut européen dadministration publique Il Project Cycle Management :A Technical Guide The Logical Framework Approach
EIPA © The Project Cycle
EIPA © Project Cycle Management t Project has to be supportive relevant feasible sustainable
EIPA © The Logical Framework Approach is: an analytical process and; a set of tools. It is used to support project planning and management. It should be thought as an aid to thinking = it allows information to be analysed and organised in a structured way
EIPA © Difference between: Logical Framework Approach (LFA) is an analytical process (involving stakeholder analysis, problem analysis, objective setting and strategy selection) Logical Framework Matrix (LFM) (while requiring further analysis of objectives, how they will be achieved and potential risks) also provides the documented product of the analytical process
EIPA © Typical structure of a Logframe Matrix
EIPA © LFA two main stages Analysis Phase Stakeholder analysis identifying and characterise potential stakeholders assess their capacity Problem analysis identifying - key problems - constraints - opportunities determining cause-effect relationships Objective Analysis developing solutions from the identified problems identifying means to end relationships Strategy Analysis identifying different strategies to achieve solutions selecting most appropriate strategy Planning Phase = the results of analysis are transcribed into a practical, operational plan ready to be implemented Developing Logical Framework matrix defining project structure testing logic and risks formulating measurable indicators of success Activity Scheduling determining the sequence and dependency of activities estimating their duration assigning responsibility Resource Scheduling from the Activity Schedule, developing input schedules and a a budget
EIPA © The Planning stage Information contained in the Logframe Matrix
EIPA © The Planning stage First Column (Intervention Logic) The necessary and sufficient conditions Achieving the purpose is necessary but not sufficient to attain the overall objective; Producing the project results is necessary but may not be sufficient to achieve the purpose; Carrying out project activities should be necessary and sufficient to achieve results; Inputs should be necessary and sufficient to deliver the results.
EIPA © The Planning stage First Column (Intervention Logic) Writing objective statements Objective statements in the Logframe Matrix should be kept as clear and concise as possible. It is also useful to standardise the way in which the hierarchy of project objectives is described. A useful convention to follow in this regard is: has/have to be expressed in terms of Overall objectivein terms of to contribute to... Purposein terms of benefit to the target group being increased/improved/etc Resultsin terms of a tangible resultdelivered/produced/conducted/etc Activitiesin the present tense starting with an active verb such as prepare, design, construct, research
EIPA © The Planning stage Fourth Column Assumptions
EIPA © The Planning stage Second and third columns Indicators and Source of Verifications Objectively* Verifiable Indicators (OVI) describe the projects objectives in operationally measurable terms (quantity, quality, time, or QQT). They are formulated in response of the question: How would we know whether or not what has been planned is actually happening or happened? How do we verify success? *The meaning of Objectively Verifiable indicator s that the information collected should be the same if collected by different people.
EIPA © The Planning stage Second and third columns Indicators and Source of Verifications Objectively Verifiable Indicators (OVI) OVIs should be measurable in a consistent way and at an acceptable cost. OVIs should be defined: -during the Formulation Stage -but they often need to be specified in greater detail during Implementation.
EIPA © The Planning stage Second and third columns Indicators and Source of Verifications A good OVI should also be SMART: Specific to the objective it is supposed to measure; Measurable (either quantitatively or qualitatively); Available at an acceptable cost; Relevant to the information needs of managers; Time-bound – so we know when we can expect the objective/target to be achieved
EIPA © The Planning stage Second and third columns Indicators and Source of Verifications Source of Verification (SOV) It should be considered and specified at the same time as the formulation of indicators. It should specify: HOW the information should be collected and/or the available documented source; WHO should collect/provide the information; WHEN/HOW REGULARLY it should be provided The main point is to build it on existing systems and sources (where possible and appropriate) before establishing new ones.
EIPA © The Planning stage Second and third columns Indicators and Source of Verifications Link between Logframe and Indicators Terminology Logframe Objective Terminology Overall Objective Purpose Result Indicator Terminology Impact indicators Outcome indicators Output indicators
EIPA © Completing the draft Logframe Matrix Example of key elements
EIPA © Exercise #4 The Logframe Matrix
EIPA © Contact Address Cristiana Turchetti Seconded National Expert Tel Fax Consult our EIPA web site:
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