2Marine Biomes Marine Biomes are biomes of salty water. We know more about the moon than we do the ocean.Saltwater contains 3% saltThe marine biome covers three fourths of the earth.
3Benthic Environment- on the bottom from shore to deep ocean Intertidal Zone-where the ocean meets the landSublittoral Zone-covers the continental shelfBathyl Zone-zone that covers the continental slopeAbyssal Zone-largest zone, meters deepHadal Zone-6000 meters to the deepest ocean trench
4Intertidal zone Shoreline, in the tide Animals adapted to water and dry landReceives the most sunlightClams, mussels, starfish, crabs, anemones, sponges
7Sublittoral Zone Covers the continental shelf Sunlight, pressure and temperature constantCoral reefs are found here. They are considered therainforest of the seadue to the greatDiversity of life foundThere.
12Bathyl Zone Edge of continental shelf, along slope, to abyssal plain 200 to 4000 metersLittle sunlightSea stars, clams and oysters found here.As the depth of the water starts to increase the water temperature decreases.
14Abyssal Zone No plants and very few animals Largest ecological zone Can reach 4000 metersCrabs, sponges, worms and sea cucumbers,Many animals live around hot water vents called hydrothermal vents or black smokers.Animals have to adapt to extreme pressure.
24Plankton Plankton are tiny open-water plants, animals or bacteria. These organisms range in size from microscopic bacteria and plants to larger animals, such as jellyfish.Plankton generally have limited or no swimming ability and are transported through the water by currents and tides.Plankton communities serve as a base for the food chain.
25Nekton Animals that swim or move freely in the ocean are nekton. Nekton come in all shapes and sizes.They live in shallow and deep ocean waters.Most nekton eat zooplankton, other nektons or they scavenge for waste
26BenthosThe benthos live on the ocean floor. Starfish, oysters, clams, sea cucumbers, brittlestars and anemone are all benthos.Most benthos feed on food as it floats by or scavenge for food on the ocean floor.
27_____shoreline, in the tide _____200-4000 meters Match the letter to the correct fact: A. Intertidal Zone B. Sublittoral Zone C. Bathyl Zone D. Abyssal Zone E. Hadal Zone_____Deepest Zone_____ meters deep_____shoreline, in the tide_____ meters_____largest ecological zone_____covers the continental shelf_____Receives the most sunlight_____Deepest ocean trench_____Fewest animals_____No plants, few animals_____black smokers found here_____animals adapted to water and land_____crabs, shrimp, clams, starfish_____animals live around black smokers_____warmest water_____Sunlight, temperature and pressure constant_____coral found here_____Found at the edge of the continental shelf, along slope to the abyssal plain