Presentation on theme: "Material Safety Data Sheets The MSDS 29 CFR 1910.1200."— Presentation transcript:
Material Safety Data Sheets The MSDS 29 CFR 1910.1200
Right to Know You, the employee, have a right to know about the hazardous chemicals you use on the job and how to work safely with those chemicals.
The MSDS Chemical manufacturers must determine a chemical’s hazards and provide an MSDS.
The MSDS Employers must: Make the MSDS available; Train employees on hazards of the chemical; Train employees on how to protect themselves.
The MSDS Employees must: Read the MSDS; Be able to identify the hazards; Understand how to work safely with the chemical.
MSDS Confusion There is no standardized format for MSDS’s.
Where are Your MSDS’s Binders, or Computer systems, or Both
Sections of an MSDS (No set order) 1. Product and Company Identification 2. Composition/Information on Ingredients 3. Hazards Identification 4. First Aid Measures 5. Fire Fighting Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures 7. Handling and Storage 8. Exposure Control/Personal Protection 9. Physical and Chemical Properties 10. Stability and Reactivity 11. Toxicological information 12. Ecological Information 13. Disposal Considerations 14. Transport Information 15. Regulatory Information 16. Other Information
Product and Company Identification Manufacturer’s name, address, phone number Emergency phone number Date of MSDS Name of the chemical Trade names and synonyms
Composition/Ingredients Hazardous Ingredients Exposure limits of hazardous ingredients Hazardous chemical names Percentage of chemical in the product Nonhazardous ingredients Trade secrets Exposure Limits PEL (Permissible Exposure Limit) STEL (Short Term Exposure Limit) TLV (Threshold Limit Value)
Hazards Identification Emergency overview Routes of entry (eye, skin, inhalation, ingestion) Signs and symptoms of exposure Single, repeated or lifetime exposure Mild, moderate or severe exposure Acute or chronic effects Target organs Medical conditions that may be aggravated by exposure Carcinogenicity Potential environmental effects
First Aid Measures First aid treatment by route of entry to body Immediate medical attention needed Any delayed effects Special instructions to physicians
Fire and Explosion Data Flashpoint Flammability limits in air Autoignition temperature Hazardous combustion products Extinguishing media to use and to avoid Firefighting protective equipment and instructions Unusual fire and explosion hazards
Accidental Release Measures Containment in spills Spill or leak clean up Evacuation procedures Special instructions Any reporting required for spills
Handling and Storage Storage requirements Dispensing requirements Handling requirements
Personal Protection Engineering controls (ventilation…) PPE needed for various routes of entry PPE needed in emergencies (spills, explosions) Personal hygiene/work practices PPE during repair/maintenance of equipment Other special PPE considerations
Physical and Chemical Properties Physical appearance Odor Liquid, solid or gas Boiling point, melting point, freezing point Specific gravity Soluble in water pH Vapor Density
Stability and Reactivity Incompatibility with what materials Hazardous products produced during decomposition Stable or not Conditions to avoid
Special Sections Sections 1-10 are required on all MSDS’s Sections 11-16 are not required by OSHA Most MSDS’s have all 16 sections Some have 11-16 left blank
Toxicological Information Toxicity data Carcinogenicity Neurological effects Genetic effects Reproductive effects
Ecological Information Environmental hazard statements
Disposal Considerations Any regulations pertaining to disposal Physical/chemical properties affecting disposal State or local requirements that may apply
Transport Information Regulated during shipping Proper shipping name/placard number Hazard class Does quantity being shipped change requirements
Regulatory Information Federal regulations (OSHA, FDA, USDA, DEA) State regulations International considerations www.osha.gov www.fda.gov www.usda.gov
Other Information Special label text Hazard rating systems Special considerations not otherwise mentioned NFPA and HMIS Information 1. Health = Blue 2. Flammability = Red 3. Reactivity = Yellow 4. Other hazards or special handling = White Scale= 0 (no hazard) to 4 (extreme hazard)
Summary MSDS is the foundation of chemical safety 24-hour access Symptoms of exposure First aid Storage Handling Personal protective equipment