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Metro Detroit’s Community Summit on Ending Homeless Supportive Housing Overview Cobo Hall Nov. 16, 2004.

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Presentation on theme: "Metro Detroit’s Community Summit on Ending Homeless Supportive Housing Overview Cobo Hall Nov. 16, 2004."— Presentation transcript:

1 Metro Detroit’s Community Summit on Ending Homeless Supportive Housing Overview Cobo Hall Nov. 16, 2004

2 The Problem Chronic Homelessness Detroit has a very visible and costly homelessness problem. Statewide, more than 40,000 people sleep in homeless shelters every night, over 10,000 in Detroit alone. In contrast, Detroit has a shelter bed inventory of only 4,763.

3 Costs to Detroit High Cost to Public Systems: Unhoused people use the highest-cost public systems: emergency rooms, hospital psychiatric beds, detoxification centers, residential treatment programs and jail cells. This places a huge burden on systems for which taxpayers foot the bill. Hurts Employers & Workers: Unreimbursed medical care for unhoused people and families costs healthcare systems millions annually, losses subsidized by higher business premiums increasingly shifted to workers, driving down local wages.

4 Costs to Detroit Deters Investment: Visible concentrations of un- housed people hurt economic development as potential developers pass on areas that have no plan to address the problem Reduces Workforce Competitiveness: Children of un-housed families have no stable home, cycle from one school to another, underperforming academically, reducing the competitiveness of our future workforce.

5 The Solution: Supportive Housing  Permanent, affordable housing with supportive services enables families and individuals to live independently and lead successful lives.  Supportive Housing saves public money by shifting resources from costly emergency services toward cost-effective, long-term solutions A Housing and Service Delivery Innovation

6 What is Supportive Housing? It is NOT a shelter, transitional housing or a treatment program. What are its essential features?  It is permanent housing  Services are voluntary  Tenants have same rights and obligations of tenants in market housing

7 Why Supportive Housing?  250,000 Americans experience long-term homelessness, measuring their homelessness in months and years, not days  For decades communities have been forced to create an industry to “manage” homelessness, not address the underlying causes

8  Emergency and institutional systems are significant sources of care and support  Institutions and systems of care are discharging people with disabilities into homelessness  Government is spending hundreds of millions of dollars per year yet homeless rates are growing Why Supportive Housing?

9 Supportive Housing is for People Who:  Are living on the streets or in shelters for extended periods of time  Cycle through institutional and emergency systems and are at risk of long term homelessness  Are being discharged from institutions and systems of care  Cannot access and make effective use of treatment and supportive services in the community without housing

10 Supportive Housing Types  Dedicated buildings  Rent-subsidized apartments  Mixed-income buildings  Long-term set asides  Single family homes

11 Results of Supportive Housing  57%  emergency room visits 1  85%  emergency detox services 2  50%  incarceration rate 3  50%  in earned income and  40%  in rate of participant employment when employment services are provided  More than 80% stay housed for at least one year 4 1 Supportive Housing and Its Impact on the Public Health Crisis of Homelessness, CSH, May 2000 2 Analysis of the Anishinabe Wakaigun, September 1996-March 1998 3 Making a Difference: Interim Status Report of the McKinney Research Demonstration Program for Homeless Mentally Ill Adults, 1994 4 See note 1 above U. Penn. study of 5,000 mentally ill homeless people in New York: Supportive housing created an average annual savings of $16,000 per person, per year, by reducing use of public services

12 National Momentum  New federal, state and local investments  U.S. Conference of Mayors  10-Year Plans to End Homelessness  Interagency Council on Homelessness  Ending Long-term Homelessness Services Initiative (ELHSI)

13 Opportunities for Detroit Developers and Investors  Technical and financial assistance for supportive housing projects  Intermediaries that can assess the strengths and weaknesses of projects including underwriting expertise

14  Help to secure and leverage funding  Analysis of development and operating budgets and service plans  Help build community support  Advocacy support around the policy issues relating to supportive housing Opportunities for Detroit Developers and Investors

15 Supportive Housing in Detroit

16 Developments Harwill Manor – City of Detroit Wayne County 13 th District Wyoming/Joy Apartments – Detroit Wayne County 13 District

17 Developments Harrington Apartments – City of Detroit Wayne County 13 th District Willshire Building – City of Detroit Wayne County 13 th District

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