Presentation on theme: "Home Again A 10-year plan to end homelessness in Portland and Multnomah County 10-year planning, Housing First, and homeless encampments COSCDA Conference."— Presentation transcript:
Home Again A 10-year plan to end homelessness in Portland and Multnomah County 10-year planning, Housing First, and homeless encampments COSCDA Conference September 17, 2007
Portland Demographics 513,627 in Portland 2,063,277 in Metro Area Median age Median household income - $42,287 Percent below poverty level – 17.8 (compared to 13.3 nationally). Fair Market Rent for 1 BR - $638/month
Portland’s Homeless Demographics Annual 19,200 served in FY 05-06: 10,936 adults w/out children (4% less than ) 7,865 persons in families (5% more than 04-05) 384 homeless youth (12% less than 04-05) Point in time 1,438 unduplicated “street count” 3,018 unduplicated in “shelter count” (inc. vouchers, rent assistance, trans. hsg.) 48.5% individuals in families with children
Culhane research supported PSH as a response to adult chronic homelessness We have invested millions of dollars, but have not ended homelessness To end homelessness, we need to do business differently Facing facts...
Determination/preparation Hit the trifecta of awards - $9.8 million $625,000 from CSH for Taking Health Care Home $3,430,440 ICH collaborative $5,741,900 HUD/DOL Money and projects spurred planning based in actual activities and outcomes
10-year plan: 3 principles Focus on the most chronically homeless populations Streamline access to existing services to prevent and reduce other homelessness Concentrate resources on programs that offer measurable results
Nine Action Steps Move people into housing first Stop discharging people into homelessness Improve outreach to homeless people Emphasize permanent solutions Increase supply of permanent supportive housing
Nine Action Steps, cont. Create innovative new partnerships to end homelessness Make rent assistance system more effective Increase economic opportunity for homeless people Implement new data collection technology
One of the most successful tools to end and prevent homelessness: Short and long-term rent assistance
New programs, shifted resources Women’s Emergency Housing: Shifted use of $164k/year from a women’s night shelter to a new 4 agency housing collaborative Key Not a Card: City general funds ($2.4 M) to move people from the street housing Short-term Rent Assistance (STRA) combines funds from City, County, PHA into one fund
Goals/outcomes: After 2 years Outcome2 Year GoalCum.% achieved Chronically homeless who have homes 5651,039184% Families housed % (high resource using families) % Permanent supportive housing opened % (added to pipeline) %
Street Count Outcomes January 23, OverallChronic % -70%
Reduced Use of Emergency Systems (Central City Concern’s Community Engagement Program) CEP saves 35.7% ($15,006 per person) in resources for chronically homeless people.
What makes a 10 YP successful Identify your community’s challenges & opportunities Seek commitment and creativity at the political, bureaucratic, and provider level Hire dedicated staff to lead the planning and implementation effort Follow a clearly defined goal of ending and preventing various types of homelessness
What makes a 10 YP successful, cont. Replicate best practices from other Cities and Jurisdictions Engage the most vocal critics Simplicity and flexibility allow for change down the road Celebrate successes!
Short & long-term problems: What if you don’t have enough emergency shelter or housing? While your state/community implements a long-term housing and service plan, how do you solve immediate needs of people sleeping outside?
Short & long-term solutions Build affordable housing and permanent supportive housing Locally funded short-term rent assistance Purchase a motel/apartments, operated by nonprofit (ex. Seattle’s Aloha Inn, Alaska’s Safe Harbor Inn) Identify “low-impact” camping areas
Portland’s Dignity Village Formed in 2002 State statute permits a jurisdiction to designate emergency camps if housing emergency exists On City land, with management agreement Became nonprofit org. 60-person capacity
Why residents like living at Dignity Village: pets…
…a sense of community
Resources Portland’s 10-year plan and outcome reports: Nonprofit motel: Safe Harbor Inn, Alaska Homeless-run communities: –Dignity Village, Portland, OR: –Aloha Inn, Seattle, WA: Sally Erickson, Ending Homelessness Team City of Portland, Oregon, Bureau of Housing & Community Development