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© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-1 Chapter 3 Understanding Equal Opportunity and the Legal Environment
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-2 Chapter 3 Overview Explain why compliance with HR law is an important part of doing businessExplain why compliance with HR law is an important part of doing business Follow changes in HR law, regulation, and court decisionsFollow changes in HR law, regulation, and court decisions Manage within equal employment opportunity laws and understand affirmative actionManage within equal employment opportunity laws and understand affirmative action Make managerial decisions that will avoid legal liabilityMake managerial decisions that will avoid legal liability Know when to seek the advice of legal counsel on HRM mattersKnow when to seek the advice of legal counsel on HRM matters
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-3 Why Understanding the Legal Environment Is Important Know the law to… Do the right thingDo the right thing Realize the limitations of the HR and Legal departmentsRealize the limitations of the HR and Legal departments Create a fair and humane environmentCreate a fair and humane environment Limit potential liabilityLimit potential liability
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-4 Challenges to Legal Compliance A Dynamic Legal LandscapeA Dynamic Legal Landscape The Complexity of LawsThe Complexity of Laws
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-5 Conflicting Strategies for Fair Employment Fair Employment, Affirmative Action, and Unintended Consequences
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-6 Equal Employment Opportunity Laws The Equal Pay Act of 1963The Equal Pay Act of 1963 Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 The Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Act of 1974The Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Act of 1974
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-7 Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 General ProvisionsGeneral Provisions Discrimination DefinedDiscrimination Defined Defense of Discrimination ChargesDefense of Discrimination Charges –Four-fifths rule –Job relatedness –BFOQ –Seniority –Business necessity
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-8 Title VII - continued Title VII and PregnancyTitle VII and Pregnancy Sexual HarassmentSexual Harassment Do you have a hostile work environment?
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-9 Customer-Driven HR Reducing Potential Liability for Sexual HarassmentReducing Potential Liability for Sexual Harassment To reduce the potential liability of a sexual harassment suit, managers should: 1.Establish a written policy prohibiting harassment 2.Communicate the policy and train employees in what constitutes harassment 3.Establish an effective complaint procedure 4.Quickly investigate all claims 5.Take remedial action to correct past harassment 6.Make sure that the complainant does not end up in a less desirable position if he or she needs to be transferred 7.Follow up to prevent continuation of harassment
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-10 Customer Driven HR
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-11 How to Handle a Sexual Harassment Investigation TimelinessTimeliness DocumentationDocumentation Employee agreementEmployee agreement ResolutionResolution Findings of factFindings of fact RemedyRemedy
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-12 Equal Employment Opportunity Laws - continued The Civil Rights Act of 1991The Civil Rights Act of 1991 Executive Order 11246Executive Order 11246 The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 The Americans with Disabilities ActThe Americans with Disabilities Act –Individuals with Disabilities –Essential Functions –Reasonable Accommodation
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-13 Equal Employment Opportunity Laws - continued The Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973The Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973 The Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Act of 1974The Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Act of 1974
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-14 EEO Enforcement and Compliance Regulatory AgenciesRegulatory Agencies –Equal Employment Opportunity Commission – (EEOC) InvestigationInvestigation ConciliationConciliation LitigationLitigation –Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs – (OFCCP)
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-15 EEO Enforcement and Compliance Affirmative Action PlansAffirmative Action Plans –Utilization Analysis –Goals and Timetables –Action Plans Reverse DiscriminationReverse Discrimination
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-16 Other Important Laws Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 Immigration Act of 1990Immigration Act of 1990 Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988 Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-17 Avoiding Pitfalls in EEO Provide TrainingProvide Training Document DecisionsDocument Decisions Be HonestBe Honest Establish a Complaint Resolution ProcessEstablish a Complaint Resolution Process Ask Only for Info You Need to KnowAsk Only for Info You Need to Know
© 2007 by Prentice Hall3-18 Summary and Conclusions Why Understanding the Legal Environment Is ImportantWhy Understanding the Legal Environment Is Important Challenges to Legal ComplianceChallenges to Legal Compliance Equal Employment Opportunity LawsEqual Employment Opportunity Laws EEO Enforcement and ComplianceEEO Enforcement and Compliance Other Important LawsOther Important Laws Avoiding Pitfalls in EEOAvoiding Pitfalls in EEO
Understanding Equal Opportunity and the Legal Environment
RICHMOND DISTRICT OFFICE Presents An Overview of Compliance.
HR and the Law: Fairness and Safety I. Employment fairness II. Occupational Safety.
Chapter #2 Equal Opportunity and the Law. Title VII of the l964 Civil Rights Act ….Banned discrimination on the basis of race color, religion, sex or.
The Legal Series: Employment Law I. Objectives Upon the completion of training, you will be able to: Understand the implications of Title VI Know what.
Equal Opportunity and the Law Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
© Copyright © 2012 by Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.2- 1 Chapter 2 The Legal Environment Prepared by Joseph Mosca Monmouth University.
EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY/AFFIRMAT IVE ACTION All materials provided in this training, including the contents of linked pages, are provided for general.
3-1 Copyright ©2010 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall Understanding Equal Opportunity and The Legal Environment Chapter 3.
Legal Issues in HR OS352 HRM Fisher Sept. 2, 2004.
Legal Issues in HR OS352 HRM Fisher Jan 19, 2005.
New HR Challenges in the Dynamic Environment of Legal Compliance By Teri J. Elkins.
Equal Employment Opportunity 1964–1991
Human Resource Management: Gaining a Competitive Advantage Chapter 3 The Legal Environment: Equal Employment Opportunity and Safety Copyright © 2010 by.
Chapter 2 Legal Compliance. The Employment Relationship Employer-employee Independent Contractor Temporary Employee.
Equal Employment Opportunity Principles of Discrimination Law.
Legal Issues in HR OS352 HRM Fisher Sept. 4, 2003.
LEGAL ENVIRONMENT of HRM. MAJOR EEO LAWS u Equal Pay Act (1963) u Title VII, Civil Rights Act (1964/1991) u Pregnancy discrimination Act (1978) u ADE.
Fundamentals of Employment Law OS652 HRM Fisher Sept. 2, 2004.
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