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Today’s quiz on 8.2 B Graphing Worksheet 2 will be given at the end of class. You will have 12 minutes to complete this quiz, which will consist of one graphing problem from that worksheet.

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2 Teachers: After you return Worksheet 2, you might want to spend a few minutes going over any common errors you noticed while reviewing your students’ worksheets before you start the lecture for section 4.2. Please remember that you’ll again need to wind up your lecture with about 15 minutes remaining so that students will have time to open and complete the 12-minute quiz. This quiz will use the same special answer sheet with a graphing grid as was used for the previous day’s quiz.

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Please CLOSE YOUR LAPTOPS, and turn off and put away your cell phones, and get out your note- taking materials.

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This week’s schedule: Monday: Lecture on Section 4.2 Tuesday: Lecture on Section 4.3 Wednesday: Lecture on Section 4.5A HW 4.5A: 16 word problems, due Thursday Thursday: Lecture on Section 4.5B 16 more word problems due Monday (HW 4.5B)

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Next week’s schedule: Monday: Review for Test 2 Practice Test 2 due Tuesday, but available now Tuesday: Take Test 2 (125 points) Wednesday: Advisement Day (no classes, but lab is open 10 a.m. - 2 p.m.) Thursday: Start Unit 3 (Section 5.1)

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Section 4.2 Solving Systems of Equations in Two Variables by Substitution Substitution is the second of three methods for solving systems of equations that we will be studying in this chapter. Your homework due today covered the graphing method (Section 4.1). The last method, the addition or elimination method will be covered in Section 4.3.

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Review: The SOLUTION to a system of two linear equations is the intersection (if any) of the two lines. There are only three possible solution scenarios: 1.The lines intersect in a single point (so the answer is one ordered pair). 2.The lines don’t intersect at all, i.e. they are parallel (so the answer is “no solution”.) 3.The two lines are identical, i.e. coincident, so there are infinitely many solutions (all of the points that fall on that line.)

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To be a SOLUTION of a system of equations, an ordered pair must result in true statements for BOTH equations when the values for x & y are plugged into them. If either one (or both) gives a false statement, the ordered pair is NOT a solution of the system.

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A second method that can be used to solve systems of equations is called the substitution method. To use this method, you solve one equation for one of the variables, then substitute the new form of the equation into the other equation for the solved variable. This gives an equation with only one variable, which then can be solved using the methods from Chapter 2. Substitution Method

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Solving a system of linear equations in two variables by the substitution method: 1)Solve one of the equations for one of the two variables (if this is not already done for you). 2)Substitute the expression from step 1 into the other equation. 3)Solve the new equation for that one remaining variable. 4)Substitute the value found in step 3 into either of the original equations containing both variables. 5)Check the proposed solution in the original equations.

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Solve the following system of equations using the substitution method. y = 4x and 4x + y = 32 Since the first equation is already solved for y (y = 4x), substitute 4x into the second equation in place of y. 4x + y = 32 4x + 4x = 32 (replace y with result from first equation) 8x = 32 (simplify left side) x = 4 (divide both sides by 8) Example

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Substitute the solution (x = 4) into either equation and solve for the other variable. y = 4xor4x + y = 32 y = 4(4)4(4) + y = 32 y = 1616 + y = 32 y = 16 The solution to the system of equations is (4, 16). Make sure you check your answer in BOTH ORIGINAL EQUATIONS to make sure it is a true solution. This is especially important on tests and quizzes when you don’t have the “check answer” button, so practice it in the homework assignments. Example (cont.)

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Problem from today’s homework: (try this one in your notebook) (-11/14, 11/2)

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Problem from today’s homework: Note: This problem can also be solved just as easily by the elimination method which we will be covering in the next lecture.

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Solve the following system of equations using the substitution method. y = 2x – 5 and 8x – 4y = 20 Since the first equation is already solved for y, substitute this value (2x – 5) into the second equation. 8x – 4y = 20 8x – 4(2x – 5) = 20 (replace y with result from first equation) 8x – 8x + 20 = 20 (use distributive property) 20 = 20 (simplify left side) Example

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When you get a result like the one on the previous slide, that is a true statement containing no variables at all, this indicates that the two equations actually represent the same line (also called coincident lines). There are an infinite number of solutions for this system. Any solution of one equation would automatically be a solution of the other equation. Q: How could you confirm this answer (no solution/parallel lines) if this was a question on a test or quiz? A: Solve both equations for y and compare the slopes (they should be the same) and the y-intercepts (they should also be the same). Example (cont.)

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Solve the following system of equations using the substitution method 3x – y = 4 and 6x – 2y = 4 Solve the first equation for y. 3x – y = 4 -y = -3x + 4 (subtract 3x from both sides) y = 3x – 4 (multiply both sides by –1) Substitute this value for y into the second equation. 6x – 2y = 4 6x – 2(3x – 4) = 4 (replace y with the result from the first equation) 6x – 6x + 8 = 4 (use distributive property) 8 = 4 (simplify the left side) Example

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When you get a result, like the one on the previous slide, that is never true for any value of the replacements for the variables, this indicates that the two equations actually are parallel and never intersect. There is no solution to this system. Q: How could you confirm this answer (no solution/parallel lines) if this was a question on a test or quiz? A: Solve both equations for y and compare the slopes (they should be the same) and the y-intercepts (they should be different). Example (cont.)

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Problem from today’s homework: I (infinitely many solutions) (try this one in your notebook)

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REMINDER: HW 4.2 on today’s material is due at the start of class tomorrow. That material will be covered on the quiz tomorrow, along with material from HW 4.1. Lab hours: Mondays through Thursdays 8:00 a.m. to 7:30 p.m.

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Please open your laptops, log in to the MyMathLab course web site, and open Quiz 8.2 Worksheet 2. You will have 12 minutes to complete this quiz. No notes allowed (including graded worksheet.) The answer sheet has: a table for your x-y values (minimum of eight ordered pairs) a graph grid for plotting the points spaces for writing the x- and y- intercepts (write as ordered pairs, or write NONE if there is no intercept) spaces for writing the domain and range in interval notation a table of square roots in case you need them for your graph a spare graph grid in case you make a mistake on the first one and don’t want to erase.

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