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Make sure you know the day and time of the final exam for this section of Math 110: Day: ______ Date:______ Time: ______ to _______ All Math 110 finals will be given in your regular classroom. Final exam schedules for all sections are posted on the bulletin board and in your course syllabus.

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Please CLOSE YOUR LAPTOPS, and turn off and put away your cell phones, and get out your note- taking materials.

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Math 110 Final Exam: Comprehensive – covers the whole semester Worth 200 points (20% of course grade) 47 questions Test period is one hour and 50 minutes Practice Final is worth 10 points and also has 47 questions and unlimited tries. Your best score on the practice final will also earn up to 20 extra credit points on the final. The practice final is due at the scheduled start time of this section’s final exam. IMPORTANT NOTE!!! To get access to the practice final, you must have submitted all four final exam review homework assignments and have scored at least 80% on each one.

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Final Exam Review Materials: 1.Four review homework assignments: These are each worth 15 points, vs. the usual homework assignment of 4 points. Unit 1 review homework (Chapters 1, 2, 3). Due today. (If you need an extension see or me TODAY so you can finish it and get access to the Unit 2 review HW.) Unit 2 review homework (Chapters 4, 5, 8): NOTE: You must get at least 80% on the Unit 1 Review before you can start the Unit 2 review. Due at the start of the class on Monday. Unit 3 review homework (Chapter 6): NOTE: You must get at least 80% on the Unit 2 Review before you can start the Unit 3 review. Due at the start of the class on Tuesday.. Unit 4 review homework (Chapter 7): NOTE: You must get at least 80% on the Unit 3 Review before you can start the Unit 4 review. Due at 8:00 p.m. on Study Day (Wed., May 8)

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Final Exam Review Materials: 2. Comprehensive Practice Final NOTE: You must get at least 80% on the Unit 4 Review Homework before you can start the comprehensive practice final. The practice final has 47 questions, as does the regular final exam. The questions will NOT be exactly the same as those on the regular final, but they will be similar in content and are distributed across sections the same way as on the regular final. Each time you take the practice final you will get a different set of questions, AND your highest score will earn you that percentage of 20 extra credit points on the final, so it will pay off if you can find the time to take it more than once.

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Comprehensive Practice Final: Once you finish the Unit 4 Final Review homework with at least an 80% score, you will have access to the practice final, with as many attempts as you want. The practice final is worth 10 points, plus a possible bonus of up to 20 extra credit points on the final exam. Your best percentage score on the practice final will earn that percent of 10 points toward your course grade, plus that best score percent times 20 extra credit points will be added on to your final exam point score before partial credit points are added. This makes it extremely important for you to make sure you work to get at least 80% on each of the four final exam review homework assignments so that you can get access to the practice final.

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Math TLC Open Lab Hours: Room 203 Jarvis Hall Science Wing Regular hours through Tuesday, May 7 (8 AM – 6:30 PM) Finals Week Open Lab Hours: Starting at 10 a.m. on Study Day (Wed.) and 8 a.m. on Final Exam days See schedule posted in the classroom and in the open lab and online at

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Final Exam Review, Unit 2

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Unit 2 Covers: Section 4.1 (Systems of linear equations in 2 variables) Chapter 5 (Properties of exponents, operations on polynomials, factoring polynomials, solving polynomial equations) Section 8.2 (Quadratic formula)

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Solve the following system of equations using the elimination method. 6x – 3y = -3 and 4x + 5y = -9 Multiply both sides of the first equation by 5 and the second equation by 3. First equation, 5(6x – 3y) = 5(-3) 30x – 15y = -15 (use the distributive property) Second equation, 3(4x + 5y) = 3(-9) 12x + 15y = -27 (use the distributive property) Example Section 4.1 Review:

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Combine the two resulting equations (eliminating the variable y). 30x – 15y = x + 15y = x = -42 x = -1 (divide both sides by 42) Example (cont.)

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Substitute the value for x into one of the original equations. 6x – 3y = -3 6(-1) – 3y = -3 (replace the x value in the first equation) -6 – 3y = -3 (simplify the left side) -3y = = 3 (add 6 to both sides and simplify) y = -1 (divide both sides by -3) Our computations have produced the point (-1,-1). Example (cont.)

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IMPORTANT: Check the point in the original equations. First equation, 6x – 3y = -3 6(-1) – 3(-1) = -3 true Second equation, 4x + 5y = -9 4(-1) + 5(-1) = -9 true The solution of the system is (-1, -1). Example (cont.)

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Use of the elimination method to combine two equations might lead you to results like... 5 = 5 (which is always true, thus indicating that there are infinitely many solutions, since the two equations represent the same line), or 0 = 6 (which is never true, thus indicating that there are no solutions, since the two equations represent parallel lines). Remember, if there are infinitely many solutions, the solution set is {(x,y) | (write in one of the two equations)}

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Ch, 5 Review: Strategy for Factoring a Polynomial: 1.Always look first to see if there is a common factor. If so, factor out the GCF. 2.Determine the number of terms in the polynomial and try factoring as follows: a)If there are two terms, can the binomial be factored by one of the special formulas including difference of two squares, sum of two cubes, or difference of two cubes? b)If there are three terms, is the trinomial a perfect square trinomial? If the trinomial is not a perfect square trinomial, try factoring by the British (factoring by grouping) method. c)If there are four or more terms, try factoring by grouping. 3.Check to see if any factors with more than one term in the factored polynomial can be factored further. If so, factor completely.

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Factor: x 3 – 5x 2 – 4x + 20 HOW MANY TERMS? What does that tell you? CHECK FIRST: Is there a common factor in all terms? ANSWER: No, but you should ALWAYS check for this first. Solution x 3 – 5x 2 – 4x + 20 = (x 3 – 5x 2 ) + (-4x + 20) Group the terms with common factors. = x 2 (x – 5) – 4(x – 5) Factor from each group. = (x – 5)(x 2 – 4) Factor out the common binomial factor, (x – 5). = (x – 5)(x + 2)(x – 2) Factor completely by factoring x 2 – 4 as the difference of two squares. Example

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Example of factoring a trinomial using the “British” method Factor 8x 2 -10x-3 Solution: Step 1: Find the product of a and c: 8*(-3)=-24 Step 2: Find a pair of numbers whose product is -24 and whose sum is *2=-24 and -12+2=-10 Step 3: Rewrite the middle term as -12x+2x, then factor by grouping 8x 2 -10x-3 = 8x 2 -12x+2x-3 = 4x(2x-3)+(2x-3) = (2x-3)(4x+1)

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Example: Two Terms Factor: 81x 2 – 49 Solution: This is a difference of squares, so we can use the formula a 2 – b 2 = (a + b)(a - b) 81x 2 – 49 = (9x) 2 – 7 2 = (9x + 7)(9x – 7).

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Two terms that are cubes: 64x 3 – 125 = (4x) 3 – 5 3 = (4x – 5)(4x) 2 + (4x)(5) ) = (4x – 5)(16x x + 25) A 3 – B 3 = (A – B)(A 2 + AB + B 2 ) x = x = (x + 2)( x 2 – x· ) = (x + 2)( x 2 – 2x + 4) A 3 + B 3 = (A + B)(A 2 – AB + B 2 ) ExampleType

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Solving Polynomial Equations

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Example: Solve 2x 2 7x 4 by factoring and then using the zero product principle. Step 1 Move all terms to one side and obtain zero on the other side. Subtract 4 from both sides and write the equation in standard form. 2x 2 7x 4 4 4 2x 2 7x 4 Step 2 Factor. 2x 2 7x 4 (2x 1)(x 4) 0

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(Solution continued) Steps 3 and 4 Set each factor equal to zero and solve each resulting equation. 2 x 1 or x 4 2 x 1x 4 x = 1/2 Step 5 check your solution !

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Review Homework: The homework assignment, for reviewing Unit 2 is due at the start of next class session, and it is worth 15 points. If you haven’t completed the Unit 1 review, you must do that first before you can get access to the Unit 2 assignment. Let me know NOW if you need an extension. Remember: You need to score at least 80% on this homework assignment to get access to the next one. Make sure to have the formula sheet handy as you work on these problems.

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Any questions on the Unit 2 Review Homework from those who have started it already? If no further questions, you may open your laptops and work on this assignment from now till the end of class, if time remains, or you can stay and work on it in the open lab. Remember, this assignment is due at the start of the next class session, AND you need to score at least 80% on this to get access to the next one.

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Math TLC Open Lab Hours: Room 203 Jarvis Hall Science Wing Regular hours through Tuesday, May 7 (8 AM – 6:30 PM) Finals Week Open Lab Hours: Starting at 10 a.m. on Study Day (Wed.) and 8 a.m. on Final Exam days See schedule posted in the classroom and in the open lab and online at

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