We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Modified over 7 years ago
The importance of clouds
http://www.dkrz.de/dkrz/broschuere-eng/research/climatesystem.html The Global Climate System http://www.lwr.kth.se/Grundutbildning/1B1292/Compendium_online/ch05s01s02.html
Radiation in the climate system Kiehl and Trenberth, BAMS, 1997
Net cloud radiative effect from ERBE -90 -70 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40
Combined satellite rainfall measurements Reflects locations of major precipitating cloud systems spatiotemporal variability Latent Heating
http://www.dkrz.de/dkrz/broschuere-eng/research/water.html The Global Hydrological Cycle
From global to local – range of scales 1000 km 100 km 10 km 1 km
Impact of cloud type upon radiation
Distribution of cloud types Tropical East Pacific Anvils Mid-level High Low Deep convection Stratocumulus
Radiative effect of cloud types Mid-level High Low
Factors influencing cloud types
ERBE net cloud forcing SST anomaly from zonal mean
ISCCP inferred St/Sc amount
Tropical- subtropical general circulation from Randall et al., J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 125-130, 1980 cold SST warm SST
Seasonal cycle of precipitation Jan 2004 Jul 2004
Interannual variability of precipitation Jan 1998 Jan 1999 El Niño La Niña
Global frequency and distribution of lightning as observed from space Christian et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2003.
Tight couplings between SST, winds, and clouds
Clouds and precipitation associated with midlatitude cyclones warm conveyor
Orographic precipitation enhancement
Clouds and climate change
Clouds in climate models - change in low cloud amount for 2 CO 2 from Stephens (2005) GFDL CCM model number
Pacific Northwest Projected River Flow
Cloud effects on atmospheric chemistry Acidity of rain Gas-particle conversion Biogeochemical feedbacks to tropical cloud pattern
Modeling clouds and precipitation Forecasting of precipitation Climate impacts
From the sublime…. 10x10x5 m resolution 20x20x3 km domain Stevens et al. (2002)
….to the ridiculous, but necessary 3x3 o resolution global domain climateprediction.net
Hobbs 2000 O 3 photolyzed OH
Discussion 3/27 Midterm redux Lectures 14&15 Poster drafts.
Scaling Laws, Scale Invariance, and Climate Prediction
Observed Tropical Expansion: Impact on the Hydrological and Energy Cycles New Investigator Research Summary Joel Norris (Lead PI, UC San Diego) Robert.
Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Review June 30 - July 2, 2009 Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Review June 30 - July 2, 2009.
The ENSO : El Niño and the Southern Oscillation J.P. Céron (Météo-France) and R. Washington (Oxford University)
Clouds and Climate: Cloud Response to Climate Change SOEEI3410 Ken Carslaw Lecture 5 of a series of 5 on clouds and climate Properties and distribution.
Response of the Atmosphere to Climate Variability in the Tropical Atlantic By Alfredo Ruiz–Barradas 1, James A. Carton, and Sumant Nigam University of.
SSH anomalies from satellite. Observed annual mean state Circulation creates equatorial cold tongues eastern Pacific Trades -> Ocean upwelling along Equator.
Clouds and Climate: Cloud Response to Climate Change ENVI3410 : Lecture 11 Ken Carslaw Lecture 5 of a series of 5 on clouds and climate Properties and.
Mesoscale Convective Systems Robert Houze Department of Atmospheric Sciences University of Washington Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Arkansas.
Outline Background, climatology & variability Role of snow in the global climate system Indicators of climate change Future projections & implications.
Impacts of El Nino Observations Mechanisms for remote impacts.
Climate and Food Security Thank you to the Yaqui Valley and Indonesian Food Security Teams at Stanford 1.Seasonal Climate Forecasts 2.Natural cycles of.
Ocean Response to Global Warming William Curry Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Wallace Stegner Center March 3, 2006.
Modes of Pacific Climate Variability: ENSO and the PDO Michael Alexander Earth System Research Lab michael.alexander/publications/
Seasonal outlook of the East Asian Summer in 2015 Motoaki Takekawa Tokyo Climate Center Japan Meteorological Agency May th FOCRAII 1.
© Oxford University Press, All rights reserved. 1 Chapter 6 CHAPTER 6 OCEAN–ATMOSPHERE INTERACTIONS.
The NEWS Atmospheric Diabatic Heating Profile Product A ten year dataset of clouds, rainfall, and atmospheric heating between 40°N and 40°S has been.
Lecture 6: The Hydrologic Cycle EarthsClimate_Web_Chapter.pdfEarthsClimate_Web_Chapter.pdf, p. 10, 16-17, 21, 31-32, 34.
High Resolution Climate Modelling in NERC (and the Met Office) Len Shaffrey, University of Reading Thanks to: Pier Luigi Vidale, Jane Strachan, Dave Stevens,
© 2022 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.