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The core problem: can semi-analytic models handle X-rays Frazer Pearce

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Formation and evolution of galaxies Gasdynamic simulations Semi-analytics Dark matter halos ( N-body simulations ) Cosmological model ( m, , h); dark matter Primordial fluctuations / (M, t) Gas processes (cooling, star formation, feedback) Well understood Well established

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Keeping it real SA models use ρ(r) and T(r) to calculate cooling rate SA models use ρ(r) and T(r) to calculate cooling rate Cooling must be balanced by heating (feedback) otherwise far too much gas cools Cooling must be balanced by heating (feedback) otherwise far too much gas cools The cooling is directly observable ! The cooling is directly observable !

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Derived quantities Cooling gas forms M Θ (t) Cooling gas forms M Θ (t) Can get same M Θ (t) from very different physics Can get same M Θ (t) from very different physics Can convert M Θ (t) into L but this is not easy (IMF, dust, …) Can convert M Θ (t) into L but this is not easy (IMF, dust, …) …tertiary statistics even more dodgy …tertiary statistics even more dodgy

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Formation and evolution of galaxies Gasdynamic simulations Semi-analytics Dark matter halos ( N-body simulations ) Cosmological model ( m, , h); dark matter Primordial fluctuations / (M, t) Gas processes (cooling, star formation, feedback) Well understood Well established

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The X-ray LT relation

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1 Gpc/h

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Where is gas going?

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Observational data Data: Vikhlinen etal 2006 (red), Gastaldello etal 2006 (yellow)

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The baryon content of haloes - where are all those baryons? Halo mass Stars and cold gas Hot X-ray emitting gas “Ejected” gas

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Radial gas density

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Methodology SA plan is to add lots of physical processes, each with own parameters SA plan is to add lots of physical processes, each with own parameters Sensible to get basic physics right first Sensible to get basic physics right first Which observational dataset to use ? Which observational dataset to use ? Directly observable quantities close to basic assumptions Directly observable quantities close to basic assumptions

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What needs to be done? No published SA model fits LT relation No published SA model fits LT relation Re-appraise fundamental SA assumptions about ρ(r) and T(r) Re-appraise fundamental SA assumptions about ρ(r) and T(r) Fit LT relation as a priority (also true for simulations) Fit LT relation as a priority (also true for simulations) Assess what this does to other SA parameters Assess what this does to other SA parameters

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Observational compilation Hartley etal 2007

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The core problem: can semi-analytic models handle X-rays Frazer Pearce

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