Simulation of star cluster(6500 stars) orbiting the galactic center for 0.75 Myr. Initial density profile is a King model. Cluster starts at 4pc from galactic center but spirals in. 1 orbit = 10 5 yrs. Notice the star colors in the tidal tails; these researchers include stellar evolution with dynamics!
Accretion of ~200 satellite galaxies by the MW; simulation by James Bullock and Kathryn Johnson; context: Cold Dark Matter is hierarchical when it comes to structure formation
B-band surface brightness expected for Milky Way- type galaxy after accretion of satellites; Projection is 300 kpc X 300 kpc
Galaxy collisions are important for establishment of morphology. Disks are extremely FRAGILE. simulation by Volker Springel at MPIA Note: this is a gravity + gas simulation; the spirals are in the gas not the dark matter
Cold Dark Matter (WIMPs) Warm Dark Matter (mostly CDM but with some neutrinos as well) Hot Dark Matter (neutrinos) Simulations by Ben Moore (Univ. of Zurich)
One of these is the actual Coma cluster; one is a dark matter simulation of a cluster by Ben Moore
CDM generically gives “filamentary” structure in the universe (another of Ben Moore’s simulations)
Galaxies are observed to be “clustered” in space (not random)
Which one is the 2dFGRS? Which are taken from CDM simulations?
CDM generically predicts mildly- flattened halos ( ~ 0.3) with a lot of dark matter substructure Spherically-averaged density profile is NOT isothermal (“Navarro, Frenk & White”) Milky Way sized halo from one of Ben Moore’s simulations
Changing the cosmological parameters (but not the type of dark matter) radically changes the history of structure formation
“State of the Art” in 1996 (Volker Springel et al.) 256 3 particles, m p =2.3x10 9 M sun to 6.9x10 9 M sun, 240 x 240 x 240 Mpc box “Adaptive” P 3 M code
Millennium Run Simulation (Volker Springel et al. 2005) Largest CDM simulation ever run (> 10 billion particles) m p = 8.6 x 10 8 M sun 500 Mpc x 500 Mpc x 500 Mpc box TreePM Force resolution of 5 kpc More than 20 million galaxies Much of the data are publicly-available (big part of Ingo’s thesis work)