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The Internet Facilitates Global data communications.

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Presentation on theme: "The Internet Facilitates Global data communications."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Internet Facilitates Global data communications

2 THE INTERNET A Global computer network Links millions of people and computers worldwide Is made up of thousands of LANs and WANs and individual computer users with network connections

3 Internet Terms Internet v WWW Web Browser Web Server IP address Website v Home Page URL v Domain name Protocol

4 Internet & WWW The Internet is the physical structure of computers, cables, satellites and other hardware and software that creates the link The WWW is the browser, the hyperlinks and the websites that allow users to navigate the global network and communicate

5 Web Browser The software that facilitates navigation (surfing!) It is the user interface on –Mosaic, Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer Uses hyperlinks to jump from page to page (to navigate)

6 Web Server A large computer with huge storage capacity that stores websites It delivers information and files to users computers as and when requested There are many web servers on the Internet

7 Website and Home Page A website –is a collection of files uploaded to a web server and concerning a particular organisation, individual or government agency etc A Home Page –is the first page you meet in a website – the introductory page

8 IP Address Each connection to the internet is identified by its IP Address This is a number which is allocated to the connection by the ISP – such as “234,208.12.129” Since these are not intuitive many sites use domain names for identification

9 URL and Domain Name A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the address of a particular website or of a particular file (page) in a website A domain name is part of a URL –Domain names are purchased to make a site address easier to remember –Domain names are fixed while IP addresses are not

10 The URL The URL has 3 parts ( –http://www (the protocol)http://www – (the domain name) –index.html (the actual file in the website being looked for)

11 Protocols A protocol is a set of rules for the exchange of data between computers –Responsible for routing the data –Responsible for ensuring that data is not corrupted or lost in transmission –Looks after the sending and receiving of messages

12 Some Protocols TCP/IP FTP http URL mailto

13 File Transfer (FTP) Using FTP (File Transfer Protocol) a user can download a file from a web server to his/her own hard drive –Music, software etc can be downloaded in this way –Can save a web page to your hard drive so there is no need to visit the website to view the page again

14 http The protocol used to transfer files from the web server to the user’s computer screen

15 mailto This is a protocol that is used so that emails can be sent over the internet Used on websites, it allows web surfers to send an email to the site they are visiting

16 What is the Internet Used for? Email Research File Transfer/Download Buying/Selling - Ecommerce Entertainment/Games Newsgroups Chat Rooms

17 Email The most used service of the Internet –Can send messages 24/7 –Cheap – the cost of a local call –Can send messages to groups for cost of one – saves money on postage/time etc –Crosses time barriers – facilitates global business –Can attach files to your email ie photos, word documents, spreadsheet files etc

18 Newsgroups Groups of people with similar interests can share information and communicate using the internet Can register for periodic newsletter in a particular subject area thus keeping abreast of change

19 Research/Education The Internet is the largest single source of information for research and education –Companies use it to train employees –Online courses for general users Search Engines make it easy to find what you are looking for It has vast databases of documents

20 E-Commerce Millions of euro/dollars are spent online daily purchasing goods and services –Booking airline tickets or other events –Online Auctions –Buying consumer products –Online Banking is growing steadily

21 How do I find things? Use a Search Engine –Software that trawls the web looking for new sites or updated sites Key in the URL –If you know the URL of the site you want to visit simply key it in on the address line in the browser window

22 Search Engines Categorise web pages –The software prepares an index of pages by keywords or subject area –It constantly searches looking for new material on the WWW –It presents a list of sites to the web user with summaries of content

23 A Search Engine Provides the user with a facility to enter a search word or phrase on a chosen topic It then searches for websites matching the search word/phrase It presents a list of possible sites to the user, often with site summaries The user can choose which sites to visit

24 How do I get connected? The Internet user needs –A computer, network card (NIC) and a modem –An connection to the Internet via an Internet Service Provider (ISP) –Internet software – A Browser such as Internet Explorer

25 Irish ISP’s – –CableNet –Eirstream –Ireland-on-line – Different services available in different regional areas

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