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Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Building an E-commerce Web SiteChapter 4 Building an E-commerce Web Site Created by, David Zolzer, Northwestern State University—Louisiana Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Learning Objectives Explain the process that should be followed in building an e-commerce web site Describe the major issues surrounding the decision to outsource site development and/or hosting Identify and understand the major considerations involved in choosing web server and e-commerce merchant server software Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Learning Objectives Understand the issues involved in choosing the most appropriate hardware for an e-commerce site Identify additional tools that can improve web site performance Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Pieces of the Site-building PuzzlePage 180, figure 4.1 Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Building an E-commerce Web Site: A Systematic ApproachPlanning: the systems development life cycle Systems analysis: identify business objectives, system functionality, and information requirements System design: hardware and software platforms Building the system: in-house vs. Outsourcing Testing the system Implementation and maintenance Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Planning:the Systems Development Life CycleA methodology for understanding the business objectives of any system and designing an appropriate solution Systems analysis Systems design Building the system Testing Implementation Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Systems Analysis: Identify Business Objectives, System Functionality, and Information RequirementsA list of capabilities you want your site to have System functionalities A list of types of information systems capabilities you will need to achieve your business objectives Information requirements The information elements that the system must produce in order to achieve the business objectives Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
System Design: Hardware and Software PlatformsSystem design specification Description of the main components in a system and their relationship to one another Logical design Describes the flow of information at your e-commerce site The processing functions that must be performed The databases that will be used The security and emergency backup procedures that will be instituted The controls that will be used in the system Physical design Translates the logical design into physical components Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Systems Analysis: Business Objectives, System Functionality, and Information RequirementsPage 182, table 4.1 Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
A Logical and Physical Design for a Simple Web SitePage 183, figure 4.2a Simple Data Flow Diagram This data flow diagram describes the flow of information requests and responses for a simple Web site Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
A Logical and Physical Design for a Simple Web SitePage 183, figure 4.2b Simple Physical Design A physical design describes the hardware and software needed to realize the logical design Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Choice in Building and HostingPage 184, figure 4.3 You have a number of alternatives when building and hosting an e-commerce site Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Building the System: In-house Vs. OutsourcingHiring an outside vendor to provide the services you cannot perform with in-house personnel Co-location When a firm purchases or leases web server (and has total control over its operation) but locates the server in a vendor’s physical facility The vendor maintains the facility, communications lines, and the machinery Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
The Spectrum of Tools for Building Your Own E-commerce SitePage 185, figure 4.4 Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Costs of Customizing E-commerce PackagesPage 186, figure 4.5 Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Key Players: Hosting/co-location ServicePage 187, table 4.2 Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Testing the System Unit testing System testing Acceptance testingInvolves testing the site’s program modules one at a time System testing Involves testing the site as a whole, in a way the typical user will in using the site Acceptance testing Verifies that the business objectives of the system as originally conceived are in fact working Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Implementation and MaintenanceBenchmarking A process in which the site is compared with those of competitors in terms of response speed, quality of layout, and design Maintenance is on-going 20% devoted to debugging code and responding to emergency situations 20% concerned with changing reports, data files, and links to backend databases 60% devoted to general administration and making changes and enhancements to the system Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Choosing Server SoftwareSystem architecture Refers to the arrangement of software, machinery, and tasks in an information system needed to achieve a specific functionality Two-tier architecture A web server responds to requests for web pages and a database server provides backend data storage Multi-tier architecture A web server is linked to a middle-tier layer that typically includes a series of application servers that perform specific tasks, as well as to a backend layer of existing corporate systems Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Two-tier and Multi-tier E-commerce ArchitecturesPage 191, figure 4.6 Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Web Server Software Site management toolsVerify that links on pages are still valid and also identify orphan files Dynamic page generation tools The contents of a web page are stored as objects in a database, rather than being hard-coded in HTML Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Key Players in Web Server SoftwarePage 192, figure 4.7 Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Basic Functionality Provided by Web ServersPage 193, table 4.3 Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Web Application ServersSoftware programs that provide the specific business functionality required of a web site Include: Catalog display Transaction processing Audio/video server Auction server B2B server Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Application Servers and Their FunctionPage 197, table 4.4 Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
E-commerce Merchant Server Software FunctionalitySoftware that provides the basic functionality need for online sales, including: An online catalog that list products available on a web site Order taking via an online shopping cart that allows shoppers to set aside desired purchases in preparation for checkout, review what they have selected, edit their selections as necessary, and the actually make the purchase by clicking a button Online credit card processing verifies the shopper’s credit card and then puts through the debit to the card Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Merchant Server Software Packages (E-commerce Suites)Offers an integrated environment that provides most or all of the functionality and capabilities needed to develop a sophisticated, customer-centric site. Key factors to consider Functionality Support for different business models Business process modeling tools Visual site management tools and reporting Performance and scalability Connectivity to existing business systems Compliance to standards Global and multicultural capability Local sales tax and shipping rules Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Widely Used Midrange and High-end E-commerce SuitesPage 199, table 4.5 Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Systems Analysis & IT Project Management Pepper. System Life Cycle BirthDeathDevelopmentProduction.
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 4-1 E-commerce Kenneth C. Laudon Carol Guercio Traver business. technology. society. Third Edition.
Chapter 10 Site Architecture McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2004 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition Living in a Digital World.
Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 4-1 E-commerce Kenneth C. Laudon Carol Guercio Traver business. technology. society. Second Edition.
Chapter 1 Assuming the Role of the Systems Analyst
Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 4-1 Choosing the Hardware for an E-commerce Site Hardware platform Refers to all the underlying computing.
Copyright 2004 Prentice-Hall, Inc. Essentials of Systems Analysis and Design Second Edition Joseph S. Valacich Joey F. George Jeffrey A. Hoffer Chapter.
PERTEMUAN 7 Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 9: Electronic Commerce Software
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Chapter 4 Building an E-commerce Presence: Web Sites, Mobile Sites, and Apps Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
ELC 200 Day 8.
Modified presentation – JMD 06.
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