Ecotourism Project Project plan: November 4 What do you intend to do? How do you intend to do it? Field visits completed:December 2 Where have.
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Ecotourism Project Project plan: November 4 What do you intend to do? How do you intend to do it? Field visits completed:December 2 Where have you gone? What have you seen? What questions did you intend to answer? What questions remain? Draft due:December 18 Written Project due: January 13 Oral Presentation:January 13
6/25/20153 Ecotourism intersections with conservation WWF Protected area management Sustainable development in buffer zone areas Environmental education for consumers Influencing policy decisions Most urgent point protected area management
6/25/20154 Questions for planning… How does a protected area plan for ecotourism? Where are the examples? Where are the models? Where are the guidelines?
6/25/20155 Ecotourism Diagnostic and Planning Guidelines Why develop a strategy/plan? To guide the development and management of ecotourism Why? To ensure the protected area is not overrun by tourists To establish mechanisms to generate employment and revenue for the protected area and surrounding communities To create opportunities for environmental education for visitors To allow protected area managers to either encourage or discourage ecotourism as appropriate – both in # and activity
6/25/20156 Ecotourism Diagnostic and Planning Guidelines 3 phases for this strategy 1.Assess the current tourism situation and potential 2.Determine a desirable tourism situation and identify steps to reach this situation 3.Write an ecotourism strategy document
6/25/20157 Phase 1: Assess the current situation Features inside park boundaries Issue areas are natural resources, park infrastructure, visitation, and park personnel Bridges outside park boundaries Issue areas not in the park managers’ immediate jurisdiction that also directly or indirectly impact tourism within the park
6/25/20158 Phase 1: Assess the current situation Features inside the park boundaries ? the park’s natural resources ? the visitation info and levels ? the park infrastructure ? the park personnel Bridges outside park boundaries ? Interaction between the park and local communities ? Infrastructure within the country (this park & others) ? National perspective (legal, policy, budgetary) ? Private sector involvement
6/25/20159 Phase 2: Determine desirable tourism level and create a plan Workshop or set of workshops 1 st : evaluate obj. of tourism to the park 2 nd : reach a consensus on # & activities 3 rd : create an ecotourism strategy (action plan outlining necessary steps) 4 th : establish a monitoring system
6/25/201510 Phase 2: Determine desirable tourism level and create a plan Who is invited to the workshops? Reps from the park, community, tourism industry, MoE, MoT, and environmentalists Features inside park boundaries Monitor the ecological impacts of tourism; conduct inventories for sites/ecosystems/or species Create a system to record visitor stats; plan series of visitor surveys Create a master plan of current and future infrastructure in the park; list priority activities (use local products and services) Decide on skills for park personnel; decide on level of training in tourism management
6/25/201511 Phase 2: Determine desirable tourism level and create a plan Bridges outside the park boundaries Continue interaction with communities; reps in tourism development plans Provide assistance / support to communities Be sure communities are benefiting Decide what regional dvlpmts to be built Lobby appropriate groups Decide on potential coordination with other tourism attractions
6/25/201512 Phase 2: Determine desirable tourism level and create a plan Bridges outside park boundaries Name the party that is officially in charge of tourism management in the park Determine tourism zones for the park Determine entrance fee for the park Examine the national budgeting system for the parks Determine budget allocations within the park itself Decide which tour operators to work with Decide what info the park wants or needs about tourism demand Provide assistance and support to communities that want more info Decide how to promote and market the park
6/25/201513 Phase 3: Write an ecoutourism strategy document Record the info, publish it, and distribute it This will become the official ecotourism plan for the area.
6/25/201514 For the Exam if you were to change the current definition of ecotourism and specifically to incorporate the perspectives of a biocentric environmental scientist, how would you do it? What would be your new definition? (karim) each of you, looking back to your own region (however you define ‘region’), how would you devise an ecotourism strategy? Name the major reserves in Lebanon; Propose the creation of a new reserves Look into transformation of industrial area into an ecotourism / conservation / - impeding environmental health …
Environmental, economic and socio- cultural impacts of ecotourism
6/25/201516 Misrepresentation of ecotourism Accidental misrepresentation Deliberate misrepresentation –greenwashing Lack of effective accreditation schemes Public’s lack of familiarity Absence of restrictions on the use of the term
6/25/201517 Question to class How would you identify when the travel industry is greenwashing and when it is really Green? [note: engage in active listening.] Then: what to do? Interested in doing a survey of Lebanese hotels? Time: 15-20 minutes
6/25/201518 Direct Benefits of EcoTourism Role as an incentive for promoting and rehabilitating natural environments Potential for funding that it provides to manage and enhance protected areas and other ecotourism settings Assistance provided by ecotourism to manage and improve ecotourism venues and to act as ‘environmental watchdogs’
6/25/201519 Indirect benefits of EcoTourism Increased support for environmentalism and protected areas Environmental benefits derived from protected areas established/kept for ecotourism
6/25/201520 Borneo One of the world’s most biodiverse areas w/ a decrease demand for local products, tourism emerged as new market for biodiversity Partnership between ecotourism agency and local community 1996: 26 families - $82,000