Job Search 101 – Significances (1) Studying job searching techniques of the past not only help individuals to understand how traditional communications play an important role in the job searching process, but also serves as an indictor for technology progression over time.
Job Search 101 – Significances (2) From traditional media including newspaper, publications and job postings to the emergence of Internet, technologies have changed job searching over time. By comparing the different techniques from past to present, the transition shows the powerful impact of new technologies and how it changes our lives on multiple levels.
Job Search 101 Past Traditional methods that job seekers used from 1980 to 1995 Present From 1996 – 2003 The Internet Future (Conclusion) Job market after 2003 Internet will dominate
Job Search 101 – Past (1) Traditional Search Techniques Newspaper/ Help wanted ads Advantages Disadvantages Networking Advantages Disadvantages
Job Search 101 – Newspapers (1) Operational Definitions Responding the help-wanted ad in the classified section Reading Newspaper to understand the job markets and economic sector in general.
Job Search 101 – Newspapers (2) The most common way that people search for jobs Ex: Wall Street Journal can serve as the guides for providing information on job opportunities
Job Search 101 – Newspapers (3) Advantages Cheap. Some newspapers are FREE Accessible Direct and Concise Fast and Easy
Job Search 101 – Newspapers (4) Disadvantages ineffectiveness Jobs are competitive Only a small number of jobs are listed Recruiters: Placing ads in the newspaper is expensive “ Studies show that less than one out of five jobs are listed in newspaper ” (Lafevre,1989, p36)
Job Search 101 – Newspapers (5) How Most People Look for Work How Employers Look for Applicants Want Ads1stInternal Networks Employment Agencies2ndJob Postings Placement Agencies3rdExternal Networks Word of Mouth4thPlacement Agencies Direct Employer Contact5thWant Ads Source: Job Search Information Series.Job Search Information Series
Job Search 101 – Networking (1) Operational Definition A work search skills that help to build relationships with other people (friends, family, co-workers...etc)
Job Search 101- Networking (2) Purpose of Networking Getting to know about the Hidden Markets. Recent retirements Firing Company expansion Anticipated future openings Source: “Working in New York”, n.d, p.2
Job Search 101 – Networking (3) Advantages Effective: The door to the hidden markets Help to understand a specific industry
Job Search 101 – Networking (4) How Most People Look for Work How Employers Look for Applicants Want Ads1stInternal Networks Employment Agencies2ndJob Postings Placement Agencies3rdExternal Networks Word of Mouth4thPlacement Agencies Direct Employer Contact5thWant Ads
Job Search 101 – Networking (5) Disadvantages It takes time to generate the list who you can network with It also takes time to see the result Lack of contacts. Do not know where to start Lack of good interpersonal skills
Job Search 101 – Past/ Present What has changed? While newspaper has geographical limitation to the local job market, Internet is a breakthrough from such limiting barrier. “ [Internet]has changed how people seek for jobs, how they apply for jobs, and how they are being hired ” (Barwell, 1996, para. 1)
Job Search 101 – Present (1) Overview The Internet Trend Users The recruiters The advantages The disadvantages The job seekers The advantages The disadvantages The obstacle – Privacy
Job Search 101 – Present (2) What do we need the Internet? No Geographical Limitation Networking is effective but not enough neither job seekers nor recruiters have sufficient information to find each other
Job Search 101 – Present (3) The recruiters: The advantages Cost Efficiency Convenience
Job Search 101 – Present (4) Advantage - Cost A market research firm, Creative Good Inc., estimates that “ online recruiting can save a company as much as $12,000 per new employee, $3,000 in advertising costs and $9,000 in time spent opening envelopes, manually sorting resumes, and reviewing applications ” (Mizell, 2002, p. 32).
Job Search 101 – Present (5) Advantage – Efficiency/ Convenience Sending resumes in electronic format can save hours of labor as employers no longer have to scan the hardcopy resumes into the database.
Job Search 101 – Present (6) Recruiters: Disadvantages Too many choices? Quality Control? Technical COST to develop screening tools Ineffective Screening Tool
Job Search 101 – Present (7) Job Seekers: Advantages May study a company in depth Open up the International Market Resume can get into database faster Faster response if submitting directly to the corporate website
Job Search 101 – Present (8) Job Seekers: Disadvantages Internet Access (digital divide) Some companies do not have websites Different Job board templates : revise your resumes into different format to fit in the database
Job Search 101 – Privacy (1) Privacy Issues Identity Thrift Information get through the 3 rd party
Job Search 101 – Privacy (3) Privacy Issue – Protection Do Not provide any extra info such as birth day, SSN Regulations Read privacy statement carefully
Job Search 101 – Conclusion Internet will become the primary job search technique in the future. Past + Present = Future Solutions Recruiters: Ineffective screening tools Regulations
Job Search 101 – Conclusion (2) The analysis of past and present set the foundation for making a prediction of the job market in the future. Understanding the potential trend of prospect market not only rise individuals ’ self-awareness, but also helps to plan for one ’ s career advancement in the future.