Balancing Chemical Equations
Reactants yield Products
REVIEW: The starting materials are called reactants The ending materials are called products Reactants yield Products
Why we balance equations:
The Law of Conservation of Matter states that matter can not be created or destroyed. So we need to have the same number of atoms before the reaction as after the reaction. The number of reactant atoms = product atoms.
How to balance equations:
Step 1: Write the equation and count the number of each atom, both reactant and product. Put this information in a before and after chart.
CH4 + O2 = CO2 + H2O CH4 + 2O2 = CO2 + 2H2O
Carbon has 1 on each side Hydrogen is unbalanced, 4 and 2 Oxygen is unbalanced, 2 and 3 Step 2: Place a coefficient in front of the molecule to balance the equation CH O2 = CO H2O
Step 2: Place a coefficient in front of the molecule to balance the equation CH O2 = CO H2O C = 1 C = 1 H = 4 H = 4 O = 4 O = 4
C3H8 + O2 → H2 O + CO2 C3H8 + O2 → H2 O + CO2
C=3 C=1 H=8 H=2 O=2 O=3 C3H O2 → H2 O + CO2
P4 O10 + H2 O → H3 PO4 P=4 P=1 O=11 O=4 H=2 H=3 P4 O10 + H2 O → H3 PO4
© 2023 SlidePlayer.com Inc.
All rights reserved.