Why Now? We are building a better Cropping System, as well as a Smarter Drainage System! Corn futures surged 90 percent in the past year, while wheat jumped 80 percent and soybeans advanced 49 percent Along with...input costs, extreme weather patterns, public awareness... Crops will be grown...yield matters...tile drainage will increase Where do we fit?...
Why Now? Conservation Cropping Systems = Economic EfficiencyEconomic Efficiency Water EfficiencyWater Efficiency Nutrient EfficiencyNutrient Efficiency Energy reductionEnergy reduction Reduce RiskReduce Risk –Catastrophic weather –Environmental Regulation We are building a better Cropping System, as well as a Smarter Drainage System! Corn futures surged 90 percent in the past year, while wheat jumped 80 percent and soybeans advanced 49 percent Along with...input costs, extreme weather patterns, public awareness...
We can Avoid, Control and Trap Nutrient Losses with a system of Production practices! Controlled Traffic and Precision Technology No-Till/Strip-Till Crop Rotation Stripcropping Buffers Nutrient Management Cover Crops
Drainage is Key......to Successful Yields &......Conservation Cropping Systems main laterals Water level control structure
Nitrogen Loss NO 3 Where Water Goes …so too does Nitrate! At best about 60% of the fertilizer added to the field is accumulated by the corn crop We can do better… 4 Rs...Source, Time, Place, Rate
Soil P and Subsurface Drainage Drainage from 50-cm undisturbed soil lysimeters Mehlich-3 soil P, ppm Dissolved P, mg/L 0.5 0 1.5 1 0 200 400 800 600
Iowa- ARS Dr. Tom Kasper Cover Crops Reduced Nitrate leaching by 60 lbs. /ac. With a cover crop of Cereal Rye
Cover Crops Managing the Fate of Nitrogen! Nutrient management, no-till, crop rotation and cover crops were implemented. SYSTEM! Nitrate concentrations in tile water dropped from over 30 mg/l to under 10 mg/l Purdue University Dr. Eileen Kladivko
A winter cover crop takes up (or “traps”) some of the nitrate that otherwise leaches out during fallow season Corn-soybean system normally fallow from Oct – April.
The outlet is raised after harvest to reduce nitrate delivery during winter. Drainage Water Management (DWM)
Capacity Control Structure Woodchips Diversion Structure
Deep wetland Dam Wetland Buffer Tile drained field
Target in low- producing areas (zones of NO APPLICATION!) Filtering Habitat
Water Quality Benefits will be Limited Unless Soil Health is Maximized Mastering the Details through Planning is Key to an Optimum System Now’s the time to Capture the potential! We can take production and water quality further with Conservation Cropping Systems and Smart Drainage Systems – Where will we be?