Current Employment Statistics & Local Area Unemployment Statistics Basics Current Employment Statistics & Local Area Unemployment Statistics Basics Joseph.
Published byModified over 4 years ago
Presentation on theme: "Current Employment Statistics & Local Area Unemployment Statistics Basics Current Employment Statistics & Local Area Unemployment Statistics Basics Joseph."— Presentation transcript:
Current Employment Statistics & Local Area Unemployment Statistics Basics Current Employment Statistics & Local Area Unemployment Statistics Basics Joseph Winter, CES/LAUS Supervisor
Two Labor Market Information Programs that Estimate Employment in Colorado Monthly Current Employment Statistics (CES) and Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
Value as an Economic Indicator Data on employment and unemployment are used to: Evaluate the economic health of the States and the US. Guide monetary policy decisions Assess the growth of various industries Contribute to other statistics, such as GDP Detect and plan for swings in the business cycle Guide decisions on plant location, sales, and purchases
CES AND LAUS: Current monthly estimates of employment Federally-funded programs Mandated by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
Why are there 2 different programs that estimate employment? 1. Two Different Surveys CES: Survey of Business Establishments LAUS: Survey of Households 2. CES and LAUS Cover Different Aspects of the Labor Market
Why are there 2 different programs that estimate employment? Benefit of CES: Employment by Industry Benefit of LAUS: Employment by County Let’s discuss each program in more detail
CES: Survey of Business Establishments Colorado’s CES program obtains employment data on over 5,000 business establishments every month In order to obtain information on the number of jobs in Colorado, the CES program mails out this survey to businesses located in Colorado
Current Employment Statistics How is Employment Defined? CES employment is defined as the number of employees at a business establishment who receive pay for the pay period that includes the 12 th of the month. People who work on multiple payrolls are counted at each establishment.
Current Employment Statistics Who is Included as Employed in CES? full time and part time workers temporary workers employees on paid holiday or sick leave those who worked for only part of the pay period
Current Employment Statistics Who is not Included? self employed agricultural workers volunteers unpaid family workers domestic workers employees on leave without pay employees who are on strike for the entire pay period
CES data is available by INDUSTRY IndustryFeb-04Jan-04Feb-03 Over-the- Month Change Over-the- Year Change Total Nonfarm 2,131.42,131.72,159.0-0.3-27.6 Natural Resources & Mining 12.812.9 -0.1 Construction 144.5146.1153.5-1.6-9.0 Manufacturing 153.3153.1159.70.2-6.4 Trade, Transportation, & Utilities399.4399.1407.80.3-8.4 Information 82.182.786.1-0.6-4.0 Financial Activities 153.9153.322.214.171.124 Professional and Business Services282.1280.7287.61.4-5.5 Educational and Health Services218.4217.4211.21.07.2 Leisure and Hospitality243.2244.0245.0-0.8-1.8 Other Services 85.686.285.2-0.60.4 Government 356.1356.2357.2-0.1-1.1 **Employment is in thousands
Current Employment Statistics Colorado Statewide Denver Metro Boulder Colorado Springs CES Employment Data is Available for: CES data is not available at the COUNTY level
Applying CES Data When did Colorado’s employment peak? How many jobs have been lost since employment peaked?
What has been happening to Construction employment in Colorado? How does that compare with the number of building permits issued in Colorado?
Applying CES Data How does Colorado’s construction employment compare to the US?
Applying CES Data What do the seasonal hiring patterns look like in Leisure & Hospitality?
Applying CES Data How does that compare with hiring patterns in Professional & Business Services?
Measuring Colorado’s Employment Recall that: CES estimates employment from a survey of business establishments LAUS measures employment from a survey of households
LAUS: Survey of Households Colorado’s LAUS program obtains employment information on approximately 1,500 households every month This information is obtained from the Current Population Survey conducted in cooperation with the Bureau of the Census
Entire Population Population that includes institutionalized, noncivilians, or those under 16 yrs of age Civilian, noninstitutionalized population over the age of 16 In the Labor Force Employed Unemployed Not in the Labor Force
Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who is in the Labor Force? All civilian, noninstitutionalized persons 16 years of age or older classified as employed or unemployed make up the labor force
(1)Worked for at least 1 hour as a paid employee (2)Worked in their own business or on their own farm (3)Worked a minimum of 15 hours as an unpaid worker in an enterprise operated by a family member (4)Was not working but has a job from which they were temporarily absent Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who is Considered Employed in LAUS? An employed person is one who, during the calendar week of the 12 th of the month, did one of the following:
Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who does this Include? Self-employed Full time and part time employees Temporary employees Farm workers Unpaid family workers Employees on leave without pay Employees on paid holiday or sick leave Domestic workers Employees on strike Individuals who work multiple jobs are only counted once
(1)They were not employed during the calendar week of the 12 th of the month (2)They were available for work during the calendar week of the 12 th of the month (3)And they made specific attempts to find employment some time during the 4-week period that ends with the week of the 12 th of the month Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who is Considered Unemployed? An unemployed person is one who meets ALL of the following criteria:
Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who does this Include? An individual whose employment ends involuntarily An individual who ends their employment voluntarily An individual who has worked before but is not working prior to beginning their job search (often called a reentrant) An individual who has never worked before and is entering the labor force for the first time (often called a new entrant) REMEMBER: They must be actively seeking employment!
Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who is not in the Labor Force? This includes “discouraged workers” who want to work, are available for a job, have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months, but are not currently looking for employment What other individuals would not be counted in the labor force? Those not in the labor force include all persons age 16 or older in the civilian, noninstitutional population who are not classified as employed or unemployed
Entire Population Population that includes institutionalized, noncivilians, or those under 16 yrs of age Civilian, noninstitutionalized population over the age of 16 In the Labor Force EmployedUnemployed Not in the Labor Force Discouraged Workers
Local Area Unemployment Statistics Let’s look at one of the most common applications of LAUS data: Unemployment Rate: The percentage of the labor force that is unemployed Unemployment Rate = Number Unemployed Civilian Labor Force X 100
Important Differences between CES and LAUS Survey of businesses vs survey of households Self employed not counted in CES Agricultural workers not counted in CES CES counts multiple job holders Industry data vs County data
CES vs LAUS Total Employment in Colorado March 2004: CES = 2,141,200 LAUS = 2,363,900
Limitations to CES and LAUS CES employment data is not available at the county level LAUS employment data is not available at the industry level Where can I find employment data by INDUSTRY & COUNTY?
Quarterly Census of Employment & Wages For Example: Data can be obtained on the number of people in Douglas County who are employed in Construction QCEW (also referred to as ES-202) employment and wage data comes from Unemployment Insurance (UI) Tax records and is published at the county and industry level.
Quarterly Census of Employment & Wages Applying the Data How does Construction employment in Douglas County compare with Weld County?
Limitations to QCEW Not as current as CES and LAUS Not a time series — break in January 2001 Does not include anyone who is not covered by unemployment insurance Does not include self-employed
Things to consider: Do I need employment data by industry, county, or both? How important is the timeliness of the data? Do I need data that includes self-employed or agricultural workers? Do I need information on wages? Finding the data that serves your needs