-Speed and Velocity -Uniform Linear Motion Physics Mrs. Coyle
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-Speed and Velocity -Uniform Linear Motion Physics Mrs. Coyle http://www.wallpaperbase.com/wallpapers/sports/formula1/formula_1_3.jpg
Speed and Velocity Average Speed= Total Distance Travelled Time v=d/t(Scalar) Average Velocity= Displacement Time v= d / t =(d 2 -d 1 ) / (t 2 - t 1 ) (Vector)
Vectors and Scalars Scalar Magnitude (size) Vectors Magnitude and Direction
Example: A car is travelling at an average velocity of 55km/h, N, when the driver sees a box on the road. If the reaction time of the driver is 0.45sec, how far does the car travel at that velocity before the driver even begins to break?
Instantaneous Speed Instantaneous Velocity Instantaneous Speed Speed at a given instant (ex: speedometer of car) Instantaneous Velocity Velocity at a given instant Instantaneous speed is the magnitude of instantaneous velocity.
Note: Average speed is equal to the magnitude of average velocity ONLY when velocity is CONSTANT (magnitude and direction).
Uniform Linear Motion: Motion with constant velocity Straight line Same direction
If the speed on this ride is constant, is the motion uniform linear motion?
Graphs of Motion: -Position-Time -Velocity-Time -Acceleration-Time
Example: Position vs Time for Uniform Linear Motion Time (s) o Position (m) Note: The slope of the line in a Position-Time Graph equals the average velocity.
Example: Velocity vs Time for Uniform Linear Motion Time (s) o Velocity (m/s)
Example: Position vs Time Graph What is the avge velocity at the time intervals: (0s-1s)(1s-1.5s)(1.5s-1.7s)(1.7s-2.0s) Draw the velocity – time diagram. Time, (s) o Position, (m) 1.00.51.52.0 20.0 10.0 A
Note: The area under the line (curve) of a velocity- time graph is equal to the displacement of the object during that time interval.