Presentation on theme: "Tuesday, December 10 Return Quiz Discuss Schedules of Reinforcement"— Presentation transcript:
1 Tuesday, December 10 Return Quiz Discuss Schedules of Reinforcement Guided PracticeLearning Review Sheets due tomorrow(These are OPTIONAL assignments)Start PrewritingLearning Target: Differentiate between the different schedules of reinforcement and identify when it is best to use each.
2 Monday, December 9 Collect ACT Bell Ringers Discuss Punishment then do guided practiceQuizDiscuss Schedules of ReinforcementCh. 6 Test: Wednesday, December 11Homework: Learning Review WorksheetsDue: Wednesday, 12/11 (These are OPTIONAL) Learning Target: Differentiate between reinforcement and punishment.
3 Friday, December 6 ACT Bell Ringers Discuss Reinforcement Guided PracticeCh. 6 Test: Wednesday, Dec. 11Learning Target: Differentiate between positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement
4 Thursday, December 5Return Classical Conditioning worksheet This was MANDATORYComplete T chartLearning CERACT Bell RingerLearning Target: Contrast Classical Conditioning with Operant Conditioning
5 Wednesday, December 4Collect Classical Conditioning worksheet This was MANDATORYReview Principles of ConditioningDemonstrationMind Reading GameContrast Classical and Operant ConditioningLearning Target: Describe the classical conditioning paradigm
6 Tuesday, December 3Review Classical ConditioningCollect Ch. 6 Guided Reading (This was an OPTIONAL assignment). Reading the chapter is MANDATORYDiscuss the Principles of ConditioningMANDATORY Homework: Classical Conditioning Worksheet Due 11/4Learning Target: Describe the classical conditioning paradigm
7 Monday, December 2Homework Ch. 6 Guided ReadingDue tomorrow 12/3(This is an OPTIONALassignment). Reading the chapter is MANDATORYComplete Classical ConditioningGuided Practice: Classical Conditioning in ActionBegin Discussing the Principles of ConditioningLearning Target: Describe the classical conditioning paradigm
8 Tuesday, November 26 Ticket to enter: What is Learning? Discuss Classical ConditioningChapter 6 Guided Reading: Due Tues 12/3., (This is an OPTIONAL assignment) Reading the Chapter is MANDATORYLearning Target: Describe the classical conditioning paradigm
9 Friday, December 7 Return Ch. 6 Test Grade Analysis Introduce Ch. 14 Ch. 14 Vocabulary AssignmentThis is a MANDATORY assignmentDue: Monday, December 10
12 Wednesday, November 11 Handout ACT Reading Collect Ch. 6 Reviews Review for Ch. 6
13 TICKET TO ENTERWhat is learning? How can you tell if someone has learned?Describe a good learning experience you’ve had (in or out of school). How did you learn?Describe a time you taught someone something. How did you teach them?
14 Learning: A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience or practice What words are important in that definition?Relatively permanentChange in behaviorPractice
16 1). Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov: Pavlov was a Russian physiologist whose pioneering studies of the digestive system led to decades of research to identify the principles ofclassical conditioning
17 1). Classical Conditioning Labeling the parts of classical conditioningUnconditioned Response: A simple unlearned response. A reflexExamples:
18 1). Classical Conditioning Labeling the parts of classical conditioningUnconditioned Stimulus: A stimulus that triggers a response reflexively or automaticallyExamples:
19 1). Classical Conditioning Labeling the parts of classical conditioningNeutral Stimulus: Does not elicit (bring about) the unconditioned response
20 1). Classical Conditioning When has conditioning occurred?Conditioning has occurred when the neutral stimulus ALONE elicits (causes) the unconditioned response
21 1). Classical Conditioning Labeling the parts of classical conditioningConditioned Stimulus: The conditioned stimulus is the previously neutral stimulus that, through conditioning (learning) gains the power to cause the response
22 1). Classical Conditioning Labeling the parts of classical conditioningConditioned Response: The conditioned response is the previously unconditioned response. It is elicited by (caused by) the conditioned stimulus.
26 1). Classical Conditioning Principles of Conditioning (These same principles also apply to operant conditioning)Stimulus Generalization: The organism responds NOT ONLY to the conditioned stimulus (CS) but also to similar stimuli
28 1). Classical Conditioning Principles of ConditioningStimulus Discrimination: The organism responds ONLY to the stimulus it was conditioned to. (The organism responds differently to different stimuli)
29 1). Classical Conditioning Principles of ConditioningExtinction: After repeated presentation of the conditioned stimulus (CS) without the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) the conditioned response (CR) fades away and eventually stops.
30 1). Classical Conditioning Principles of ConditioningSpontaneous Recovery: After extinction, and a lapse of time, the conditioned response reappearsThe two factors needed for spontaneous recovery to occur are:1. extinction2. rest period (lapse of time)
31 1). Classical Conditioning Principles of ConditioningCounter Conditioning: A new response is conditioned to an old stimulus
32 2) Operant Conditioning Classical Conditioning vs. Operant ConditioningBhvr is involuntary 1. Bhvr. is voluntaryOrganism is passive 2. Organism is activeR+ comes BEFORE 3. R+ comes AFTERLearn through Learn fromassociating 2 stimuli consequences ofbehavior
33 2) Operant Conditioning Laws of Effect (E.L. Thorndike):Positive Law of Effect:If a behavior is followed by a satisfying state of affairs, the likelihood of the behavior occurring again increases.Negative Law of Effect:If a behavior is followed by an unpleasant state of affairs, the likelihood of the behavior occurring again decreases
34 2) Operant Conditioning Reinforcement:Reinforcement ALWAYS increases the likelihood of a behavior
35 2) Operant Conditioning Primary Reinforcement: something that is naturally rewarding, such as food (if you are hungry), warmth (if you are cold), and water (if you are thirsty). Primary reinforcers are inherently valued. They return the body to homeostasis
36 2) Operant Conditioning Secondary Reinforcement: something you have learned is rewarding because it’s been paired with a primary reinforcer. Examples are
37 2) Operant Conditioning Positive Reinforcement: Something pleasant is added in order to increase a response
38 2) Operant Conditioning Negative Reinforcement:Something unpleasantis removed in order toincrease a response…
39 2) Operant Conditioning Punishment: Always decreases the likelihood of a responseSomething unpleasant that decreases the likelihood of a response
40 2) Operant Conditioning Some disadvantages of using punishment:Punishment doesn’t teach acceptable behaviorPunishment can create anger and hostilityPunishment can only work when it is guaranteed
41 2) Operant Conditioning Negative Reinforcement vs. PunishmentSomething unpleasant is Something unpleasantREMOVED PRESENTEDBehavior INCREASES in Behavior DECREASESlikelihood in likelihood
42 2) Operant Conditioning Schedules of Reinforcement: when and how often the reinforcement occursContinuousPartial/Intermittent
43 2) Operant Conditioning Continuous Reinforcement Schedules:Each and every correct behavior is reinforced(This is extremely rare in everyday life)Examples:
44 2) Operant Conditioning Partial/Intermittent Reinforcement:Only some response are rewardedVariable: changesFixed: unchangingInterval: timeRatio: # of responses
45 2) Operant Conditioning Fixed Ratio: The number of responses needed for reinforcement is unchangingExamples:Variable Ratio: The number of responses needed for reinforcement changes
46 2) Operant Conditioning Fixed Interval: The time between reinforcement is unchangingExamples:Variable Interval: The time between reinforcement changes
47 Can you predict when reinforcement is coming? Yes=FixedNo=VariableIf you do the behavior more, will you get more reinforcement?Yes=RatioNo=Interval
49 2) Operant Conditioning Behaviors are learned most rapidly when reinforced on a continuous reinforcement schedulesHowever, behaviors extinguish the fastest when reinforced on a continuous schedule
50 2) Operant Conditioning Behaviors reinforced on partial schedules of reinforcement (especially variable schedules) are the most difficult to extinguish because it takes the organism a long time to figure out the reinforcement has stopped
51 2) Operant Conditioning Guided PracticeBeing rewarded for very third correct answer.Giving a rat pellet of food for pressing a bar on the AVERAGE of every two minutes.Giving a student a blow pop every time he/she provides a correct answer.Paying telemarketers a bonus for every 5 sales he/she makes in excess of the company’s quota.Trying to reach a friend by telephone when you get a busy signal.
52 2) Operant Conditioning Shaping: Reinforcing behaviors that move closer and closer to the target behaviorWhen is shaping used?Shaping is used when trying to teach a complex or difficult task