Presentation on theme: "Proper Automotive Waste Management - Liquid Wastes By Christine Flowers and Raleigh Ross Sponsored by the California Integrated Waste Management Board."— Presentation transcript:
Proper Automotive Waste Management - Liquid Wastes By Christine Flowers and Raleigh Ross Sponsored by the California Integrated Waste Management Board
Liquid Waste In-Vehicle Usage Used oil Motor oil Automatic transmission fluid Engine coolant Brake fluid Fuels
Used Oil Problems Environmental Impact Worker Safety Regulations Used Oil Generator Requirements
Used Oil Solutions Waste Reduction Recycling Waste Management Storage Transporting Used Oil Mobile Maintenance Operations Miscellaneous
Motor Oil Sources of contamination California statistics
Motor Oil - Problems Environmental Impact Worker Safety Regulations
Motor Oil - Solutions Waste Reduction Oil Life Extension Why test your engine oil? Advantages of Oil Testing
Motor Oil - Solutions Waste Reduction By Pass Oil Filter What is a By-Pass Oil Filter? What Does a By-Pass Oil Filter Do? Why Use a By-Pass Oil Filter?
Motor Oil - Solutions Recycling Engine oil can be recycled as: What is re-refined oil? Are re-refined lubricants safe to use? Why recycle used oil? Re-Refined Oil Facts Get Paid For Recycling Waste Management
Engine Coolant - Problems Environmental Impact Antifreeze is Hazardous if it contains lead or other metals, fuel or solvents. Improper Management and Disposal Pouring antifreeze into a floor drain. Never dump antifreeze on the ground, to a storm sewer, or to a body of water. Children and animals like the sweet taste and can become very ill or even die. Fish kills have resulted from antifreeze in streams. Never discharge antifreeze to a septic system - it can interfere with bacteria function.
Engine Coolant - Problems Worker Safety Regulations Many states regulate used antifreeze as a hazardous waste.
Engine Coolant - Solutions Waste Reduction Look at antifreeze for contaminants, and test for freeze point and pH. Fresh ethylene glycol or corrosion inhibitors can be added to adjust these parameters. Reuse antifreeze when possible - avoid unnecessary disposal of good antifreeze. Recycling Recycle and reuse whenever possible.
Engine Coolant - Solutions Waste Management “Safer” Antifreeze Propylene glycol has been introduced as a “non-toxic antifreeze” Only slightly less toxic to humans and animals. “Safer” antifreeze is hazardous if contaminated with fuel, solvents or lead
Cleaning Liquids Cleaning solutions, solvents and degreasers come in three forms: These cleaning liquids are generally applied in four ways: Parts Washers - Mineral Spirits Parts Washers – Aqueous Brake And Carburetor Cleaners N-Hexane Use as a Brake Cleaner Do you use any of these products?
Cleaning Liquids - Problems Worker Safety n-Hexane How to know if you are working with n - Hexane How n-Hexane enters your body How n- Hexane Can Affect Your Health Effects on the Nervous System Other Effects Are there any tests for health effects and exposure? How to control your exposure
Cleaning Liquids - Problems Regulations Regulations that help to protect workers from n-Hexane Permissible Exposure Limits Monitoring Hazard Communication Standard Injury and Illness Prevention Program Access to Medical and Exposure Records
Cleaning Liquids - Solutions Waste Reduction n-Hexane Usage Ventilation Respiratory Protection Skin Protection Substitution Use Less Brake and Carburetor Cleaners Aqueous Brake Cleaning
Proper Solvent Usage Do not add any chemicals to solvent Pre-clean parts of excessive dirt, sludge and grease Dispose of these properly Do not allow solvent to enter waste oil container Do not allow solvent to enter waste water
Parts Washing 3-5 (a) Reduce Waste in Parts Washing Clean parts in a parts washer with a lid - do not clean in an open bucket/pan Keep parts washer lids closed and spray nozzles turned off -- reduce evaporation. Locate units away from heat sources and drafts - prevent evaporation Drain parts thoroughly in parts washer - prevent drips.
Waste Water Engine & Vehicle Cleaning Wash Water Floor Cleaning Wash Water Sump Sludge
Waste Water - Problems Environmental Impact Why be Concerned About Oil/Water Separators? Worker Safety Regulations
Waste Water - Solutions Waste Reduction To make sure your oil/water separators works properly, remember: Heavier or lighter than water? How to keep oil and solids out?
Waste Water - Solutions Recycling Use oil-only absorbents to separate and recycle oil from your OWS Use microbes to digest oil in your OWS
Waste Water - Solutions Waste Management Car Repair and Car Wash Bioremediation Benefits Limitations of Bioremediation
Wastewater and Floor Drain Sludge 6-3 (a) Waste Water Pollution Prevention Replace hazardous cleaners with mild soaps to clean floors and vehicles. Read product MSDS prior to purchasing to eliminate corrosive or toxic cleaners. Stop drips and spills from reaching the floor Use drip pans and good housekeeping. Clean spills immediately, using a dedicated mop and bucket or launderable rags
Wastewater and Floor Drain Sludge 6-3 (b) Waste Water Pollution Prevention Never clean spills by hosing them down with water. Do work in areas without floor drains, or seal drains temporarily during work. Seal drains permanently to prevent spills from contaminating wastewater. Store hazardous wastes and hazardous materials away from drains or seal drains.