Presentation on theme: "Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-1(a) Activities That Produce Used Oil n Routine oil changes or repairs n Oily parts drip when placed on the floor or are carried."— Presentation transcript:
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-1(a) Activities That Produce Used Oil n Routine oil changes or repairs n Oily parts drip when placed on the floor or are carried across the room n Spills when filling storage containers n When storage containers leak or overflow
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-1(b) Activities That Produce Used Oil n Used Oil Management- Recycling –Used oil is a valuable resource and should be recycled –Used oil is a potentially hazardous material capable of contaminating soil and water. n One gallon of oil can contaminate one million gallons of drinking water.
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-1(c) Activities That Produce Used Oil n Special Note: –Used oil is exempted by the Federal government from management as a hazardous waste only when it is recycled or burned for energy recovery.
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-2(a) Summary of Used Oil Management Guidelines n Off-Site Commercial Used Oil Management –Used Oil Marketers/Transporters »Picks up used oil from shops »Sells to a used oil burner or a recycler. »Sell to a burner, the marketer is responsible for testing the used oil n Oil must meet EPA burning specifications. »Used oil marketers and transporters are required to have EPA permits and meet EPA regulations.
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-2(b) Summary of Used Oil Management Guidelines –Commercial Used Oil Burner - A commercial used oil burner burns used oil in a cement kiln or industrial furnace. The burner must meet all federal guidelines and have an EPA identification number. n On-Site Used Oil Management –Shops may burn their own oil in an EPA approved oil-fired space heater »Testing not required
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-2(c) Summary of Used Oil Management Guidelines –Shops can also burn used oil from customers and do-it-yourselfers. »Testing not required –On-site burning is considered recycling by “burning for energy recovery”. Used oil that stays on-site decreases chances of spills during transportation. –Never burn oil mixed with hazardous waste, such as solvent or carburetor cleaner.
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-2(d) Summary of Used Oil Management Guidelines –Shops can not burn oil from other businesses »Unless they do lab tests on the used oil »And meet all EPA regulations of a Commercial Used Oil Burner.
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-3 (a) What Not To Do With Used Oil n These practices should not take place at the shop. They are in violation of environmental laws and can cause environmental pollution. –Do not dump oil on the ground.
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-3 (b) What Not To Do With Used Oil –Do not spread used oil as a weed killer or dust suppressant. –Do not add hazardous waste or other materials to used oil. Can contaminate the entire batch of used oil.Can contaminate the entire batch of used oil. Mixture may be hazardous, requiring hazardous waste disposal.Mixture may be hazardous, requiring hazardous waste disposal. Contaminated used oil may be unsafe or illegal to burn on site.Contaminated used oil may be unsafe or illegal to burn on site.
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-3 (c) What Not To Do With Used Oil –Do not give or sell used oil to another business for burning in their furnace. »Illegal unless you meet the federal guidelines as a Used Oil Marketer –Do not give or sell used oil to another business for road oiling. –Do not pour used oil on drives or roads on your property or others.
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-4 (a) What To Do With Used Oil n The following are considered the most desirable methods or options to properly manage used oil and to assure compliance with federal requirements for used oil –Store used oil in leak-proof containers on an impermeable surface. –Label containers as “USED OIL”.
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-4 (b) What To Do With Used Oil –Provide spill containment and cleanup in the event of an accidental spill. –Keep oil separate from other wastes to avoid accidental contamination. –Use EPA permitted oil services (Marketer/Transporter) to recycle used oil off- site. –Burn used oil on-site (energy recovery) in an approved used oil space heater.
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-5(a) Oil-contaminated Wastes n Shop Towels (Paper) –Contaminated with oil, solvent, paint and other chemicals - not recyclable –Costly testing to determine the proper disposal method. » If hazardous = disposal by a hazardous waste management company. »If non-hazardous can possibly landfill
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-5(b) Oil-contaminated Wastes –If paper shop towels must be used: »Cut them in half or quarters before using - reduces waste. –Reusable cloth shop towels are a good pollution prevention alternative. »Soiled towels sent to a commercial laundry for cleaning and reuse. »Eliminate potential hazardous waste disposal problems (costs and liability)
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-5(c) Oil-contaminated Wastes n Disposable Oil Absorbents –Clay, "kitty litter", or sawdust used to soak up spills and thrown away. –Problems: Oil is not recycled (therefore not exempt from hazardous regulation). –Ends up in the landfill where it leaches into surface or groundwater causing pollution.
Used Oil and Oily Waste 4-6 (a) Review of Preventing Spills n Use drip pans under vehicles and in work areas. –Drip pans big enough & tip proof. n Dripping parts drain on a drip pan instead of the floor. n Use funnels when emptying used oil into storage containers.
Used Oil and Oily Waste 4-6 (b) Review of Preventing Spills n Used oil in drip pans -- emptied into used oil container. n Store drip pans carefully -- stop floor drips. n Designate drip pans for specific use: –One for oil, one for antifreeze, one for gasoline etc..
Used Oil and Oily Waste 4-6 (c) Review of Preventing Spills n If using disposable oil absorbent materials - consider their reusability. –Absorbent "socks" may be reused about 10 times before disposal.
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-7(a) Disposal of Oil-Contaminated Wastes n Oil-contaminated waste ( used oil absorbent and shop rags) are potentially hazardous »Lead and other heavy metals »Solvents »Fuel »Used oil »Paint »Antifreeze
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-7(b) Disposal of Oil-Contaminated Wastes n All industrial wastes must be classified as hazardous or non-hazardous before disposal. n Laboratory testing is usually the only way to determine if the waste is hazardous or not. n Hazardous wastes must be disposed of by a hazardous waste management company
Used Oil and Oily Wastes 4-7(c) Disposal of Oil-Contaminated Wastes n Non hazardous wastes can be landfilled with permission from the landfill. n Note: Landfills do not accept industrial wastes that contain free flowing liquids.
Used Oil & Oily Wastes 4-8 (a) Pollution Prevention for Used Oil Filters n Use drips pans during an oil change –Can mount drip pans on a roller stand –Adjust height to catch oil from a vehicle on a lift. n Recycle used oil drained from filters –Place filter upside down on a drip pan immediately. –Stop drips to the floor when putting in drip pan
Used Oil & Oily Wastes 4-8 (b) Pollution Prevention for Used Oil Filters –Drain oil trapped inside the filter »Draining and crushing removes more oil. n Crushed filters take up less space in a landfill. »Hot-draining (right from the hot engine) for a least 12 hours n Puncture flow back value or dome end of filter –Recycle the metal filter casings (carcasses). »Ask your scrap metal recycler to take drained filters. »Oil filter service to crush & recycle off-site.