Presentation on theme: "Brain Jogger 1. Who explored and claimed parts of Canada for the British/English? John Cabot 2. Who was the first to explore the St. Lawrence River and."— Presentation transcript:
1 Brain Jogger1. Who explored and claimed parts of Canada for the British/English?John Cabot2. Who was the first to explore the St. Lawrence River and New France/Quebec?Jacques Cartier3. What gave French speaking Canadians the right to practice their own culture?Quebec Act
2 History of Canada Notes Part II: Canada’s Independence
3 War of 1812French and British worked together against the US who tried to invade CanadaWar resulted in a draw, but it defined the US-Canadian border & increased a sense of Canadian nationalismBoth French Canadians & English Canadians joined to protect their land—they were more united than ever before
5 After the War of 1812French Canadians & British Canadians realized that they hated being under British ruleThey thought that Great Britain was too far away to understand their economic & political needs
6 Province of Canada1837—Canadians began to rebel against British controlBritain sent a government reformer to examine the Canadian problemResult of the inquiry, Britain discovered an economic need to unify the 2 Canadian provinces1841—Upper & Lower Canada were united, establishing the Province of Canada
7 British North America Act (1867) 1860s—Canadian leaders discussed the confederation of all British North American Colonies1867-British North America Act: created a federation union of CanadaJoined four colonies (Quebec, Ontario, New Brunswick, & Nova Scotia)4 colonies became Provinces joined by a unifying constitution- Britain accepted the agreement because they were glad to be rid of the responsibility of protecting the colonies (expensive)
9 Results of the British North America Act Allowed each region to sell goods more easily to one anotherImproved trade helped the economySoon there was enough money to build a railroad across the countryTranscontinental Railroad was built in 1886 & people could now easily travel from the Atlantic Ocean to Pacific Ocean
11 Expanding CanadaWhen Canada became a confederation in 1867, there were only 4 provincesLeaders desired to expand the new country from the Atlantic to the PacificBought land from the Hudson’s Bay CompanyThought the purchase would be a simple process, but problems occurred with the native peoples
12 Expanding CanadaEventually the First Nations (Inuit) agreed to relocate to reservations (now Nunavut)Transcontinental Railroad was built on this landSoon, 3 new provinces & 1 territory were created: Manitoba, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island, and the Northwest Territories
14 Results of the Railroad: Increased shipment of goods across the countryIncreased travel from coast to coastCreated new provinces & territoriesBirth of Canadian nationalismbefore the railroad, most people only thought of themselves as belonging to their province; after they felt as if they were part of one country
15 Head ScratcherWhat other inventions do you think could change a country like Canada changed after the railroad?
19 Saskatchewan & Alberta (1905) This land was originally part of Northwest Territories, but by early 1900s, many people wanted this to changeReason 1: economy had shifted from fur trade to farming, mining, logging & railwayReason 2: population grew quickly because of the new industriesReason 3: area could not afford everything people needed (schools)By forming new provinces, they could collect taxes to pay for these things.
21 Canada & WWICanada still had close ties with Britain & felt they should contribute in the fight against GermanySent military forces, raw materials, & food to EuropeCanada’s contribution changed the way the world viewed itCanada was now a union that was able to compete with world powersWWI increased Canadian nationalism
22 Newfoundland (1949) Newfoundland joined the country of Canada because: Canada promised to help them by building many things such as railroads & roadsBritain didn’t want the cost of supporting Newfoundland anymore.
23 Nunavut (1999)In the 1970s, Inuit wanted to create a territory called Nunavut because:Wanted their own territory so that they could start making decisions for themselves. They needed their own government.Wanted control of their land—for many years Canada had used the resources of the Arctic without asking the InuitInuit still live the same way that their ancestors did—they use traditional methods for survival
26 Contemporary issues in Canada Quebec’s Independent Movement
27 Contemporary issues in Canada Quebec’s Independent Movement Important part of CanadaElectronics and computer industries based in QuebecSome people in Quebec want to form an independent countryPeople in Quebec are afraid French language and cultural practices will be lostLaws have been passed to protect the language and cultural heritage in QuebecSeparatists- those who want an independent Quebec
28 Ticket Out the Door Why would Quebec want their independence? How did the railroad bring Canada together?