Presentation on theme: "Enterprise Architecture. 2 Agenda What is Enterprise Architecture (EA)? Roles in EA? Why is EA Important? Tangible Benefits from EA? What Do We Need to."— Presentation transcript:
2 Agenda What is Enterprise Architecture (EA)? Roles in EA? Why is EA Important? Tangible Benefits from EA? What Do We Need to Accomplish?
3 Background What is Enterprise Architecture? “A strategic information asset base which defines the business the information necessary to operate the business the technologies necessary to support the business operations and the transitional processes necessary for implementing new technologies in response to the changing needs of the business.” --- Federal CIO Council
4 Background Roles in EA? The Chief Architect, in conjunction with the CIO and select OPM business managers, defines the architectural principles that map to the organization’s IT vision and strategic plans. As shown in Figure 1, architectural principles should represent fundamental requirements and practices believed to be good for the organization. These principles should be refined to meet OPM’s business needs.
5 1.It’s the law Clinger-Cohen Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 requires IT Architecture. President’s Management Agenda (PMA) and PMA Scorecard Background Why is Enterprise Architecture Important?
6 1.It’s the law OMB Raines Rule #5 “Is the project consistent with…bureau information architectures?” GAO Reports and Audits –“Eight Agencies Were Well Positioned to Achieve Stage 5 Maturity, and Many Agencies Were Performing Core Elements beyond Their Assigned Maturity Stages –Although the Executive Office of the President was the sole stage 5 agency, seven other agencies were close to becoming models of enterprise architecture management. –One of the seven, the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), which achieved stage 1 of version 1.1, needed to satisfy only five more elements to become a stage 5 agency. OPM needed to satisfy one stage 2 element (“Enterprise architecture plans call for developing metrics for measuring enterprise architecture progress, quality, compliance, and return on investment”), one stage 3 element (“Progress against enterprise architecture plans is measured and reported”), two stage 4 elements (“Enterprise architecture products and management processes undergo independent verification and validation” and “Quality of enterprise architecture products is measured and reported”), and one stage 5 element (“Return on enterprise architecture investment is measured and reported”). (GAO-05-798T) Background Why is Enterprise Architecture Important?
7 1.It’s the law Additional Legislative and Executive Mandates –Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GPEA) –Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and Amendments –Government Performance Results Act of 1993 (GPRA) –OMB Circulars A ￢ 130 and A ￢ 11 –GAO Guidance, Findings, and Recommendations –Federal CIO Council documents. Background Why is Enterprise Architecture important?
8 2. It’s good business practice –Alignment - ensuring the reality of the implemented enterprise is aligned with management’s intent –Integration - realizing that the business rules are consistent across the organization, that the data and its use are immutable, interfaces and information flow are standardized, and the connectivity and interoperability are managed across the enterprise –Change - facilitating and managing change to any aspect of the enterprise –Time-to-market - reducing systems development, applications generation, modernization timeframes, and resource requirements –Convergence - striving toward a standard IT product portfolio as contained in the Technical Reference Model (TRM). Background Why is Enterprise Architecture Important?
9 3. We need to act on these mandates by –Providing tools and support to Project Managers and their teams to help them manage their projects, activities and resources more effectively –Improving management decision making by creating a comprehensive, dynamic, accurate, and secure System to support an enterprise-wide portfolio management at OPM while utilizing existing OPM resources and methodologies –Enabling effective and efficient information sharing between initiatives, project teams, CFO, CIO and other stakeholders –Fulfilling legislative and regulatory requirements and achieve ANSI/EIA standard 748 compliance –Establishing a strong EVMS governance at OPM Background What Do We Need to Accomplish?
10 Benefits Tangible Benefits from Enterprise Architecture? Capture facts about the mission, functions, and business foundation in an understandable manner to promote better planning and decision making Improve communication among the business organizations and IT organizations within the enterprise through a standardized vocabulary Provide architectural views that help communicate the complexity of large systems and facilitate management of extensive, complex environments Focus on the strategic use of emerging technologies to better manage the enterprise’s information and consistently insert those technologies into the enterprise
11 Benefits Tangible Benefits from Enterprise Architecture? Improve consistency, accuracy, timeliness, integrity, quality, availability, access, and sharing of IT-managed information across the enterprise Support the CPIC processes by providing a tool for assessment of benefits, impacts, and capital investment measurements and supporting analyses of alternatives, risks, and tradeoffs Highlight opportunities for building greater quality and flexibility into applications without increasing cost Achieve economies of scale by providing mechanisms for sharing services across the enterprise Expedite integration of legacy, migration, and new systems Ensure legal and regulatory compliance.