2 The Declaration of Independence Written in July 17762nd Continental CongressDeclared Colonial Independence from Great BritainAuthored by Thomas Jefferson, who firmly believed in Enlightenment ideas, especially those of John Locke.
3 The Declaration of Independence and the Enlightenment Locke- Natural Rights: All people are entitled to “Life, Liberty, and Property.”Jefferson— “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness…”
4 The Declaration of Independence and the Enlightenment Locke—The purpose of Government is to protect people’s natural rights. If a government fails to do so, the people have the right to alter or abolish the government.Jefferson—Listed many abuses by King George III, that impelled them to separate from Britain.
5 The ConstitutionThe Constitution set up the American government and includes many ideas fromthe enlightenment.Enlightenment IdeaU.S. ConstitutionLockeA government’s power comes from the consent of the people (popular sovereignty)“We the People of the United States…”Creates a representative governmentLimits governmental powerMontesquieuSeparation of PowersFederal system of governmentPower is split between three branches of governmentSystem of Checks and BalancesRousseauSocial ContractThe people elect the president and CongressVoltaireFreedom of Speech, Religious TolerationBill of Rights protects freedom of speech and religion