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Essential Question Discuss the following questions with your neighbors and be prepared to share with the class: 1.What do you like/dislike about America’s.

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Presentation on theme: "Essential Question Discuss the following questions with your neighbors and be prepared to share with the class: 1.What do you like/dislike about America’s."— Presentation transcript:

1 Essential Question Discuss the following questions with your neighbors and be prepared to share with the class: 1.What do you like/dislike about America’s system of gov’t?

2 Chapter 6 Enlightenment and Revolution

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4 American colonists want independence from Great Britain –Taxation w/o representation Stamp Act: colonists had to pay taxes to GB but were not allowed to participate in parliament –Declaration of Independence Written by Thomas Jefferson, based on: –Locke: 3 natural rights & right to rebel –Enlightenment: gov’t of the ppl for the ppl Section 4 American Revolution Colonists: people in a colony Representation: speak for larger group of ppl Parliament: British law makers

5 The American Revolution: Cause & Effects Divide your page into 3 columns and 5 rows Title the column on the left: Causes Title the column in the middle: Events Title the column on the Right: Effects In your group, describe the causes and effects for the event you have been assigned

6 The American Revolution: Cause & Effects CausesEventsEffects Need to pay of war debts form French & Indian War British parliament passes Stamp Act Colonists boycott Brit manufactured goods in protest; Parliament repeals Stamp Act tax Colonists protest and import tax on teas and dump tea off British ships British close Boston harbor and station troops in city 1 st Continental Congress meets to protest punishment of Boston Brit soldiers and American militiamen exchange fire at Lexington and Concord Second Continental Congress to form an army under command of George Washington American Revolution begins France wants to weaken its enemy Brit France enters war in 1778Combined forces result in victory for the Americans States need a plan for a national gov’t but want to protect their own gov’t By approving the Articles of Confederation, states create a week national gov’t National gov’t is set up but is powerless to govern 0

7 United States puts the Enlightenment in action –Declaration of Independence Written by Thomas Jefferson, based on: –Locke: 3 natural rights & right to rebel »Life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness –Enlightenment: gov’t of the ppl for the ppl –Bill of Rights: protect basic rights of citizens Freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly –Constitution: rules of gov’t & how gov’t works Separation of powers Contradicted by Hobbes –Ppl should be governed by an absolute monarch assembly: gather together in a group press: newspaper, books, magazine, web pages

8 Enlightenment influence on US Gov’t Create a table like this: make the boxes on the right big enough for 3 sentences Enlightenment IdeaUS Constitution Locke Gov’t power comes from consent of ppl Montesquieu Seperation of powers Rousseau Direct democracy Voltaire Free speech, religious toleration Beccaria Accused have rights, no torture

9 With your neighbor, discuss which sentences to put in the boxes under US Constitution so they match the correct Enlightenment Idea Some Enlightenment Ideas will have more than 1 sentence Bill of rights protects rights of accused and prohibits cruel and unusual punishment Preamble begins with “We the people of the United States” Public election of president and Congress Federal (gov’t for whole country) system of gov’t Bill of Rights provides for freedom of speech and religion System of checks and balances Limits gov’t powers Powers divided among 3 branches Creates representative gov’t

10 Enlightenment IdeaUS Constitution Locke Gov’t power comes from consent of ppl Preamble begins with “We the people of the United States” Limits gov’t powers Creates representative gov’t Montesquieu Seperation of powers Federal (gov’t for whole country) system of gov’t System of checks and balances Powers divided among 3 branches Rousseau Direct democracy Public election of president and Congress Voltaire Free speech, religious toleration Bill of Rights provides for freedom of speech and religion Beccaria Accused have rights, no torture Bill of rights protects rights of accused and prohibits cruel and unusual punishment


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