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Solar System Basics. Sun Inner Planets Mercury Mars Venus Earth.

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Presentation on theme: "Solar System Basics. Sun Inner Planets Mercury Mars Venus Earth."— Presentation transcript:

1 Solar System Basics

2 Sun

3 Inner Planets Mercury Mars Venus Earth

4 Asteroids

5 Outer Planets Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune

6 Kuiper Belt & Oort Cloud

7 Comparisons Inner Planets vs. Outer Planets Asteroids vs. Comets

8 Inner vs. Outer Planets Surface Sur. Composition Mass Density Atmosphere Atm. Composition Magnetic field Rotation rate Moons Rings

9 Asteroids vs. Comets General Planetesimal Properties AsteroidFeatureComets Rock and metal SurfaceIce and rock Between Mars & JupiterMain LocationBeyond Neptune YesMoonsUnknown 0 to 630 milesSize (diameter)0 to 1500 miles???


11 Formation of Our Solar System The Solar Nebula Theory





16 A Star is Born After the core of the Sun ignited its nuclear fusion reaction, the lighter material like dust and gas was blown away into the outer solar system

17 Clearing the Inner Solar System Solar Wind – The Sun is constantly sending a stream of material (mostly hydrogen gas) outward at 0.5 to 2.0 million mph. This wind carries the lighter material out to the outer solar system Radiation Pressure – The intense light of the Sun exerts pressure on the lighter material sending it outward into the outer solar system



20 Heavy Bombardment


22 Main Asteroid belt







29 Kuiper Belt The Kuiper Belt consist of the comets that formed from the same disk that formed the planets 4.6 billion years ago. This group of objects is the source of the short orbit comets. Orbital periods >200 years.

30 Kuiper Belt

31 This is not entirely accurate. The spacing between these comet nuclei are millions of miles. Once in a while these cold, frozen objects are disturbed and get sent into the inner solar system where they develop a coma and sprout a long tail of gases and dust

32 Kuiper Belt Notice the size of these objects compared to the Earth!

33 Kuiper Belt

34 Oort Cloud The Oort cloud is not part of the material that made it into the disk so these objects have random orbits that cross the plane. Their orbit can be more than 50,000 years and may appear from anywhere

35 Kuiper Belt


37 Scale Size Comparison






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