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© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Part I The Nature and Setting of Police Administration Chapter 3 Police Administration and Homeland Security
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Learning Objectives 1.Define terrorism and the types of terrorism that exists today. 2.Examine the terrorist threats to the United States. 3.Know the various types of weapons of mass destruction. 4.Understand how homeland security is integrated into the police organization. 5.Apply the National Response Framework to local law enforcement. 6.Understand how the National Incident Management System operates during catastrophes.
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning What Is Homeland Security? The protection of people and assets within our national borders through preventive efforts The response to a terrorist event by mitigating loss of life and damages Four basic goals: 1.Prevent and disrupt terrorist attacks. 2.Protect the American people, critical infrastructure, and key resources. 3.Respond to and recover from incidents that do occur. 4.Continue to strengthen the foundation to ensure long-term success.
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning The Role of Homeland Security Prevention and response to terrorism Prevention, disruption, and protection against hazards Mitigating and preventing social trends that disrupt the American way of life Protecting the sovereignty, territory, domestic population, and critical infrastructure in the United States Emphasizing process over outcomes for “Security Uber Alles”
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Commonalities in Definitions of Terrorism Terrorism involves premeditation. Terrorists and their acts are motivated by all sorts of political agendas. Generally, the terrorists’ targets are noncombatants or civilians, but not always. Terrorist groups are generally sub-national or clandestine groups.
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Types of Terrorism State-sponsored terrorism –Acts that occur at the direction of the state or government Dissident terrorism –Using terrorist activities against a group’s own government Terrorists from the left and right –Rooted in political ideology Religious terrorism –Primary motivation for world terrorism in last decade Criminal terrorism –Terrorists acts used to facilitate crime and criminal profits
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Terrorist Threats to the United States Radical Islamic terrorists Right-wing terrorist groups within the United States
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Weapons of Mass Destruction Any explosive, incendiary, poison gas, bomb, grenade, or rocket having a propellant charge of more than four ounces Any missile having an explosive or incendiary charge of more than one-quarter ounce Poison gas Any weapon involving a disease organism Any weapon that is designed to release radiation at a level dangerous to human life
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Responsibilities of the Police Organization Homeland Security Unit Manage terrorist and homeland security information Maintain a database on critical infrastructure databases Maintain working relations with critical infrastructure owners, managers, and security personnel Maintain liaison with state homeland security officials and federal intelligence agencies Coordinate department responses to terrorist events Identify homeland security training needs for the department Conduct or coordinate homeland security related investigations Monitor the readiness of the police department and other first responders in the event of a terrorist attack Investigate terrorist attacks or activities
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Officer Involvement in Homeland Security Activities Patrol Criminal investigation Crime analysis Intelligence Specialized tactical units (SWAT) including hostage negotiators Community relations and community policing
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Homeland Security and Public Education Programming Primary goal: to elicit support and information from the public regarding crime and terrorism matters or intelligence Other goals: –Fear reduction –Reducing community tensions
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Police Efforts to Safeguard Local Critical Infrastructure Identify critical infrastructure within community –Database allows department to comprehensively develop response plans –Focuses attention on areas that may be of interest to possible terrorists Develop response plans should there be a terrorist attack or incident
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Partnerships between Law Enforcement and Security Personnel to Protect Critical Infrastructure Police departments are encouraged to develop formal working relationships with private security firms –Improve joint responses to critical incidents –Coordinate infrastructure protection –Improve communications and data interoperability –Bolster information and intelligence sharing –Prevent and investigate high-tech crime –Devise responses to workplace violence
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Responding to a Homeland Security Incident National Response Framework –Responses to incidents are layered as a result of the local, state, and federal responses –Four-step preparation cycle National Incident Management System –Standardizes responses to critical incidents –Replaces uncertainty with efficiency and effectiveness
© 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning Homeland Security and Intelligence and Police Departments The Joint Terrorism Task Force –National, multi-agency organization responsible for combating terrorist activities in the United States Fusion Centers –Combine intelligence from multiple agencies in one center where it is disseminated and examined
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