2 Map Projections-A globe is the most accurate portrayal of the Earth and the size of its land masses-For obvious reasons, globes are not as convenient as flat maps (i.e. size, shape)-However, there is difficulty portraying a spherical object on a flat surface-For that reason, three map projections have been developed to portray what we see on a globe-Interrupted, Mercator and Mollweide
3 Mercator-Mercator maps are most commonly used however drastically distort objects farther away from the equator.
4 Mollweide-Mollweide distorts landmasses however not the proportions of those continents and countries.
5 Interrupted-Interrupted does not distort land masses and maintains accurate proportions. Interrupted does not however allow for accurate measurement of distance.
6 Geography: Before You Start Latitude, or parallels, are imaginary lines parallel to the equator, running east and westLongitude, or meridians, are imaginary lines parallel to the Prime Meridian, running north and southHemisphere, one half of the earthEquator, or 0 degrees latitudePrime Meridian, or 0 degrees longitudeTropic of Cancer, or 23.5 degrees north latitudeTropic of Capricorn, or 23.5 degrees south latitude
8 Labeling Maps: T.O.A.D.S. Title: Name the Map Orientation: North, South, East and WestAuthor: Identify the creator of the mapDate: Place a date the mapSymbols: Every map needs a scale & symbols to identify characteristics