Presentation on theme: "Figuring Words Out in Spanish. What do you think of when you hear the word… school ◦ You associate many things with school ◦ This is the “big picture”"— Presentation transcript:
Figuring Words Out in Spanish
What do you think of when you hear the word… school ◦ You associate many things with school ◦ This is the “big picture” of an idea What do you think of when you hear the words… snow, tree, presents, food, family ◦ A group of words together associate with Christmas ◦ These are the “details” of an idea
school presents tree snow food family books and paper homework and tests teachers and students pencils and pens grades Christmas
We use both the “big picture” and “details” all the time. ◦ It’s how we recognize our surroundings, remember things, and function! Together, they are called context Context gives us an idea about what is happening We can use context to help us understand words in Spanish
Think about your knowledge of Spanish. Do you know a lot of words, for example, compared to English? ◦ You know just a few words in Spanish However, you already have ideas and the big picture in your head ◦ You know ideas, just not how to say them in Spanish Use your knowledge of the world and combine it with the few words you know in Spanish ◦ Big picture + details ⇒ understanding
Tengo un murciélago que está muy furioso. Es del bosque en mi pueblo. What words do you know? (i.e. details) ◦ tengo, un, está, muy, es, de, en Other words you might know (again, details): ◦ furioso, bosque, pueblo ◦ furioso is a cognate
Tengo un murciélago que está muy furioso. Es del bosque en mi pueblo. We can form an idea out of what we know ◦ Details lead to the idea “I have something is very furious. It is from the something in (or at, on) my something.” Now, we have some idea about what it says. Use a dictionary to look up the rest and put all of the details together.
A cognate is a word in one language that has similar spelling/sounds AND has the same meaning as a word in another language ◦ furioso/furious ◦ horrible/horrible ◦ computadora/computer ◦ *lápiz/pencil ◦ *carpeta/carpet If a word in Spanish looks/sounds similar to a word in English, it might be a cognate! Knowing cognates help you guess the meaning of a word.
Estoy bien cansado aunque dormí mucho anoche y desayuné pan, fruta y tomé leche con chocolate. What do you know? What can you figure out? Fruta looks like ‘fruit’, so we can guess that that’s what it means. What else?
Estoy bien cansado aunque dormí mucho anoche y desayuné pan, fruta y tomé leche con chocolate. If we know ‘tired’, ‘break’, ‘milk’, what can we guess that the sentence is talking about? Then, look up the rest using a dictionary.
When you have a paragraph to read in Spanish, search the whole text for words that you might know and then guess what the topic may be. ◦ This creates the ‘big picture’ Then, look up individual words to understand better. ◦ This fills in the rest with ‘details’
“Confesiones de invierno” by Sui Generis Me echó de su cuarto gritándome: "No tienes profesión" Tuve que enfrentarme a mi condición, en invierno no hay sol. Think: What words do you know? Which words look like a word in English?