Presentation on theme: "Do Now: Examine the Map – If you had the choice of joining sides in World War I, which would you join the green or the orange? Explain. Aim: Why did the."— Presentation transcript:
Do Now: Examine the Map – If you had the choice of joining sides in World War I, which would you join the green or the orange? Explain. Aim: Why did the United States enter on the side of the Allies during World War I? Mr. McEntarfer * Global IV* HSLPS Homework : Answer Aim in a paragraph
Instructional Objectives We will be able to: –Judge the impact of circumstances and events on the U.S. entry into WWI –Explain why the U.S. joined on the side of the Allies during WWI Agenda : Do Now Guided Notes Reading Activity Summary
Background The U.S. has had a strict policy of neutrality based on George Washington’s pleas that the U.S. stay out of the affairs of Europe. Most Americans believed that we should stay out of Europe’s conflict in WWI. Why did George Washington suggest that the U.S. Stay out of foreign conflicts?
Submarine Warfare The Germans wanted to keep the U.S. neutral and were careful not to have their U-Boats (submarines) target U.S. ships. However, the Germans in desperation began unrestricted submarine warfare around Great Britain in a attempt to cut off supplies. Question?
German submarines, called U-boats, torpedoed enemy ships and neutral ships trading with the enemy.U-boats How might of the German submarines have given Germany a bad reputation around the world?
The “Q” Ship Originally the Germans would surface and allow the ships crew to abandon ship before sinking it. However, the British introduced the “Q” Ship or “Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing”. This was a warship disguised as an unarmed merchant vessel that would lure the U- boat in by pretending to abandon ship and then unveil their hidden guns and destroy the submarine. After this the German submarine would fire without warning. How might the “Q” ships make it more likely that that the U.S. would join the allies?
The British would often fly the American flag on their ships to ward off U-Boat attacks. How did flying the American flag ward off U- boat attacks.
· Americans were infuriated with the destruction of the Lusitania.
Cultural Ties Pro Allies –Language ties with Great Britain –Cultural ties with GB as a former colony –France was a democracy and had helped the U.S. during the American Revolution –Germany was viewed as the aggressor. Pro Central Powers –U.S. has a large population of people with German decent –U.S. has an even larger population of people of Irish decent who are very anti-British What arguments are there against the U.S. joining the Allies?
British Propaganda in America Why did the British and French put up recruitment posters in the U.S. when they were neutral.
What is this poster really asking Americans to do?
– secret message from Germany to Mexico urging Mexico to attack the U.S. if the U.S. declared war on Germany Moving Toward War Zimmermann telegram: – Germany promised to help Mexico regain land it lost to the U.S. in the Mexican War. * The U.S. declared war on the Central Powers in 1917.
Summary The United States was never formally a member of the Allied Powers, but was an "Associated Power." Significant numbers of American troops only arrived in Europe in summer 1918. American involvement helped bring the war to an end, and help shape the peace. Do you believe that America should have entered WWI? Explain?
Reading Test – Read pages 411 – 413 and answer the questions for review on page 413
Homework: Homework – Answer the Aim question in a paragraph.