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**How to do Long Division Part One**

(Dirty Monkeys Smell)

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Mnemonic – memory aid Dirty: Divide Monkeys: Multiply Smell: Subtract

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**Vocabulary Words for the parts of the problem**

quotient remainder divisor dividend product

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**Step One -- Divide Look at the problem.**

Decide how many times the divisor can go into the dividend without going over. “Twenty-three can be divided into two equal groups of eight with some left over.” Think: How many times can 8 go into 23 without going over? 2 8 23

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**Step Two – Multiply Multiply the divisor by the quotient.**

Write your answer under the dividend. Think: 2 x 8 = 16 2 8 23 16

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**Step Three – Subtract Subtract the product from the dividend.**

If the answer is less than the divisor, it becomes your remainder. Think: 23 – 16 = 7 Seven is less than 8, so it becomes your remainder. 2 R 7 16 7

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**Review first three steps**

Dirty – divide the dividend by the divisor. Monkeys – multiply the quotient by the divisor and write the answer under the dividend. Smell – subtract the product from the dividend.

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**Your turn Divide the dividend by the divisor. 6 25**

6 25 (How many equal groups of six can you create out of twenty-five?)

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Your turn Multiply the divisor by the quotient. Write the answer under the dividend. 4 6 25 (What’s 6 x 4?)

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**Your turn Subtract the product from the dividend.**

If the answer is less than the divisor it becomes the remainder. 4 6 25 24 (What is 25 – 24?)

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Check your work 4 R 1 6 25 24 1 (Did you get it right?)

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