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**How to do Long Division Part Two**

(Dirty Monkeys Smell Bad)

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**Mnemonic – memory aid Dirty: Divide Monkeys: Multiply Smell: Subtract**

Bad: Bring Down

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**Vocabulary Words for the parts of the problem**

quotient remainder divisor dividend product

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**Step One -- Divide Look at the first two digits of the dividend.**

Decide how many times the divisor can go into the dividend without going over. “Twenty-three can be divided into two equal groups of eight with some left over.” Think: How many times can 8 go into 23 without going over? 2 8 235

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**Step Two – Multiply Multiply the divisor by the quotient.**

Write your answer under the dividend. Think: 2 x 8 = 16 2 8 235 16

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**Step Three – Subtract Subtract the product from the dividend.**

Notice you still have a five in the dividend. Think: 23 – 16 = 7 2 16 7

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**Step Four – Bring Down Bring the five down next to the seven. 2**

Repeat steps 1 – 3. 2 16 75

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Step One -- Divide Decide how many times the divisor can go into the new number without going over. “Seventy-five can be divided into nine equal groups of eight with some left over.” Think: How many times can 8 go into 75 without going over? 2 8 235 16 75

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**Step Two – Multiply Multiply the divisor by the new quotient.**

Write your answer under the dividend. Think: 9 x 8 = 72 29 8 235 16 75 72

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**Step Three – Subtract Subtract the product from the previous answer.**

There is nothing more to bring down. Your answer becomes the remainder. Think: 9 x 8 = 72 29 R 3 8 235 16 75 72 3

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**Review the four steps Dirty – divide the dividend by the divisor.**

Monkeys – multiply the quotient by the divisor and write the answer under the dividend. Smell – subtract the product from the dividend. Bad – bring down the next part of the dividend and repeat steps 1 – 3.

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**Your Turn Watch Mrs. Bauer solve the next few problems.**

Copy each step as she does it. Rehearse in your mind the four steps. Try it on your own.

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