Lived 400-500 centuries B.C. Greek drama-writer, aka “Dramatist” Greek play-writer, aka “Playwright” “Reigning champion of Greek drama” & the “Golden Superstar of the Golden Age of Greece”…he was a pretty good writer Wrote 123 dramas, won 24-30 competitions, and never placed less than 2 nd …again, good
Aristotle was a Greek scholar and philosopher Wrote ideas about tragedy in a book of literary theory called Poetics. He outlined the characteristics of a tragic hero, a different type of character from what we know of as a hero. AKA: Aristotle “invented” the “tragic hero.”
Noble birth Imperfect character Tragic flaw (hamartia) Too harshly punished for a crime Change is experienced (dynamic!) “Emotional cleanse” (catharsis) for the audience Explanations coming up!
Character must be of a “high status” in society He/she must possess nobility and virtue as part of their natural, or innate, character
The character is not perfect This enables the audience to identify with the character, even though they may be of different social class or economic status.
Called hamartia in greek terms Typically an error in judgment Usually a result of hubris= arrogance, pride or overconfidence Always a result of personal choice Not the result of destiny
The audience sees that the misfortune of the character is not entirely deserved. Somehow the character’s punishment for their actions exceeds their crime
The fall of the character is not purely depressing Something changes or takes place within the character Awareness, self-knowledge, discovery
The conclusion of the story does not leave the audience depressed The process arouses unhealthy emotions The emotions are then cleansed through watching the play This was not just entertainment, but believe to help the emotional health of the community.
Pronounce the play we will be reading AND the author who wrote it. What is the author’s profession & where did he write? Who “invented” the archetype (model, template) of the tragic hero? Call on students to recall and explain characteristics of the tragic hero. Make a prediction…(make connections!)