Presentation on theme: "What Defines Tragedy? By d.j da. Where does tragedy come from? The Greek philosopher Aristotle first defined tragedy in his book Poetics written in about."— Presentation transcript:
Where does tragedy come from? The Greek philosopher Aristotle first defined tragedy in his book Poetics written in about 330 BC
Aristotle’s definition of tragedy had SIX parts: Plot Character Thought Diction Spectacle Melody
What Defines Shakespearean Tragedy? A Tragic Hero The Tragic Flaw- Hamartia Reversal of Fortune Catharsis Restoration of Social Order –Denouement
The Tragic Hero The tragic hero is someone we, as an audience, look up to— someone superior. The tragic hero is nearly perfect, and we identify with him/her
The Sullied Hero The sullied hero is initially not someone we, as an audience, look up to—someone who because of a flaw is considered inferior in some way. It is this fallibility that makes us identify with him/her
Tragic Flaw The tragic hero is nearly perfect- The hero has one flaw or weakness We call this the ‘tragic flaw’, ‘fatal flaw’, or hamartia.
Reversal of Fortune The ‘fatal flaw’ brings the hero down from his/her elevated state. Renaissance audiences were familiar with the ‘wheel of fortune’ or ‘fickle fate’. What goes up, must come down. The notion of Hubris--Hubris (also hybris) means extreme haughtiness or arrogance. Hubris often indicates a loss of touch with reality and overestimating one's own competence or capabilities, especially for people in positions of power.
Catharsis We get the word ‘catharsis’ from Aristotle’s katharsis. ‘Catharsis’ is the audience’s purging of emotions through pity and fear. The spectator is purged as a result of watching the hero fall.