Presentation on theme: "TRAGEDY & TRAGIC HEROS This presentation was created following the Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia. Certain materials are included under."— Presentation transcript:
TRAGEDY & TRAGIC HEROS This presentation was created following the Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia. Certain materials are included under the Fair Use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law. Further use of these materials and this presentation is restricted.
TRAGEDY O …presents courageous individuals who O confront powerful forces within or outside themselves with a dignity that reveals the breadth and depth of the human spirit in the face of failure, defeat, and even death. O The action of a tragedy is focused on a difficult time in the hero’s life when decisions or actions cause chaos and O only through the protagonist’s fall can the world of the tragedy be righted again.
ARISTOTLE’S DEFINITION O “An imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artful ornament, the several kinds begin found in separate parts of the play, in the form of action, not of narration; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these and similar emotions.”
TRAGEDY O The purpose of a tragedy is to engender catharsis in the audience by their experience of emotions for the major character and his/her situation and errors. O Thus, by viewing the play, the audience is purged of these negative emotions. O Catharsis= “the purging of the emotions or relieving of emotional tensions, especially through certain kinds of art, as tragedy or music” (“catharsis” dictionary.com)
TRAGEDY Serious action Tragic Hero-Hero must be great but human Dramatic but in poetic language Use of: images symbols stock characters irony, archetypes
STUDY OF TRAGEDY O Look for characteristics of tragedy O Consider elements and the definition of tragedy O Think about staging the play. (separate power point overview) O Apply what you know about drama, tragedies, and comedies
QUICK WRITE O “A man cannot become a hero until he can see the root of his own downfall.” -Aristotle What does this mean? Do you agree with it?
Tragic Hero- definition O A tragic hero is the main character in a tragedy who makes an error in his or her actions that leads to his or her downfall (a catastrophe).character tragedyerror
CHARACTERISTICS OF A TRAGIC HERO O Great person, extraordinary, usually noble birth O Mythic significance O Fate of state O Fall is result of a flaw (tragic flaw) or misunderstanding or underestimation O Encounter with failure allows hero to display greatness O Fall results in reversal of fortune
Characteristics O The hero is sometimes led to his downfall due to a tragic flaw (often “hubris”- excessive pride.) O The hero usually (but not always) struggles with an antagonist (enemy-real or abstract) with whom he fights to the death for what he believes in. O The hero discovers his fate by his own actions, not by things happening to him. O The hero sees and understands his doom, and that his fate was revealed by his own actions. O The hero's downfall is understood to arouse pity and horror in the reader/audience.
continued O The hero is physically or spiritually wounded by his experiences, often (but not always) resulting in his death. O The hero is often a king or leader of men, so that his people experience his fall with him. This could also include a leader of a family. O The hero is faced with a serious decision. O Through the development of the plot, a hero's mistakes, rather than his quintessential goodness or evil, lead to his tragic downfall.
TRAGIC FLAWS O 7 Deadly sins- O Pride (hubris) O Envy O Gluttony O Lust O Anger O Sloth O Greed O BRAINSTORM O Specific examples of the 7 deadly sins O Additional examples of “flaws” O How could a Super Hero be a “tragic hero”?
Anakin Skywalker from “Star Wars: Clone Wars” O The whole time we're watching Star Wars: Clone Wars in theaters and on television, we know that Anakin Skywalker is destined for a horrendous end. “Skywalker” exemplifies the basic definition: the person who has everything, and then loses it all.
And… O Jeff Brundle in The Fly O Madmax in the film Madmax O Wolverine in X Men O William Wallace in Braveheart
BRAINSTORM O As many tragic heroes as you can identify O Literature O Movies O TV Shows O Real Life