Presentation on theme: "What Defines Tragedy?. Where does tragedy come from? The Greek philosopher Aristotle first defined tragedy in his book Poetics written in about 330 BCE."— Presentation transcript:
Where does tragedy come from? The Greek philosopher Aristotle first defined tragedy in his book Poetics written in about 330 BCE
Aristotle’s definition of tragedy Whole plot with a central theme The plot is an emotional reflection of life Incidents are beyond the hero’s control
What Defines Shakespearean Tragedy? A Tragic Hero The Tragic Flaw Reversal of Fortune Catharsis Restoration of Social Order –Resolution
The Tragic Hero The tragic hero is someone we, as an audience, look up to— someone superior. The tragic hero is nearly perfect, and we identify with him/her
Tragic Flaw The hero is nearly perfect- The hero has one flaw or weakness We call this the ‘tragic flaw’, ‘fatal flaw’, or hamartia.
Reversal of Fortune The ‘fatal flaw’ brings the hero down from his/her elevated state. Renaissance audiences were familiar with the ‘wheel of fortune’ or ‘fickle fate’. What goes up, must come down.
Catharsis We get the word ‘catharsis’ from Aristotle’s katharsis. ‘Catharsis’ is the audience’s purging of emotions through pity and fear. The spectator is purged as a result of watching the hero fall.