Presentation on theme: "The measured pattern of rhythmic accents in poems."— Presentation transcript:
1 The measured pattern of rhythmic accents in poems. MeterLearning Outcomes:To have an understanding of how to identify metrical patterns.To be able to evaluate the effect of verse form and meter.
2 Some Important terms Foot A metrical unit composed of stressed and unstressed syllables.Anapest (anapestic)Two unaccented syllables followed by an accented one, as in:duh-duh-DUH, as in but of COURSE! com-pre-HEND or in-ter-VENEDactyl (Dactylic)A stressed syllable followed by two unstressed ones, as in: DUH-duh-duh, as in HONestly, FLUT-ter-ing or BLUE-ber-ry.Iamb (Iambic)An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one, as in:duh-DUH, as in collAPSE or to-DAY.Trochee (trochaic)An accented syllable followed by an unaccented one, as in:DUH-duh, as in PIZza or FOOT-ball.1 foot: monometer2 feet: dimeter3 feet: trimeter4 feet: tetrameter5 feet: pentameter6 feet: hexameter
3 Joining the Two….Iamb + 5 feet (pentameter) = iambic pentameter Which means… 5 unstressed syllables, each followed by a stressed syllable. E.g. in Christopher Marlowe's line from Dr. Faustus: “Was this the face that launched a thousand ships?”
4 And again…..Dactyl + 2 feet (Dimeter) = Dactylic Dimeter Which means Two lots of stressed syllables, each followed by two unstressed syllables. E.g. “Battering hurricanes”
5 Get Poetic! Write me a poem about WAR. The first stanza should use trochaic trimeter.The second verse should use anapestic hexameter.The third verse should use iambic tetrameter.
6 What poem are these lines from? Describe the meter.ANSWER:Iambic tetrameterRomantic Ireland's dead and gone, It's with O'Leary in the grave.How could you build this into an evaluative comment?The use of iambic tetrameter in these repeated lines gives the verse a lyrical and prayer-like quality, reinforcing the plaintive nature of the words.
7 Remember….Identifying the meter and rhyme scheme of a poem is pointless if you do not evaluate its effect.Don’t sweat blood trying to work out the metrical pattern of every poem. Instead, get a feel for the rhythm and its regularity or irregularity and consider how this reflects the tone or ideas of the poem.