Presentation on theme: "Neoclassicism 1780-1820. Neoclassicism A clear reaction against the ornate Rococo Style Inspired by the Enlightenment – Reason not emotion should dictate."— Presentation transcript:
Neoclassicism A clear reaction against the ornate Rococo Style Inspired by the Enlightenment – Reason not emotion should dictate art – Use line to appeal to intellect, not color which appeals to the senses. Depicted tales of ancient history or mythology – As opposed to frivolous party scenes of Rococo Principle replaced pleasure Paintings underscored the moral message of patriotism
Characteristics Severe, precisely drawn figures Figures in foreground without the illusion of depth (like Roman relief sculpture) Brushwork was smooth to appear polished Backgrounds generally included roman features (arches and columns) Symmetry and straight lines replaced irregular curves
Jacques-Louis David Considered the founder of neo-classicism French Traveled to Rome—breakthrough inspiration Supporter of the French Revolution for which some of his art served as propaganda Thrown in jail after Revolution Became the head of Napoleon’s art program His advice: “Never let your brushstrokes show”
Jacques-Louis David Oath of the Horatii 1784 oil on canvas approximately 11 x 14 ft.
Jacques-Louis David Napoleon Crossing the Alps 1802-1803 oil on canvas
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres Pronounced ANN gruh Was a member of David’s studio at just 17 His use of line later inspired Picasso, Matisse, and Degas (“draw many lines”-Ingres) Competed with the new Romanticism movement (sometimes straying from his strict neoclassical techniques), especially Delacroix and Gericault.
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres Apotheosis of Homer 1827 oil on canvas 12 ft. 8 in. x 16 ft. 10 3/4 in.