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Madrid 854-1073: Magerit (Arab); old alcázar -> 1734 1083-1561: Madrid 1508: Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Alcalá de Henares -> Madrid 1836; 130,000.

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Presentation on theme: "Madrid 854-1073: Magerit (Arab); old alcázar -> 1734 1083-1561: Madrid 1508: Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Alcalá de Henares -> Madrid 1836; 130,000."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Madrid

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4 : Magerit (Arab); old alcázar -> : Madrid 1508: Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Alcalá de Henares -> Madrid 1836; 130,000 students) : Capital of Spain 1656: Felipe IV built wall around city (casco viejo) : Palacio Real built (neoclassical) 1919: El metro (Madrid subway) 1983: Capital of Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid 2003: population 2,882,000 (#1 in Spain) Madrid

5 Museo Nacional del Prado (classical; 1819) Museo Reina Sofía (modern; “Guernica”) Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza (European masters) Biblioteca Nacional (7,000,000 volumes; >) Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (1968) Universidad de Alcalá (1977) Palacio Real (palace, armory, research library; 1738) Royal Opera House (1850 / 1997) Real Academia Española (1713; RAE) Parque del Buen Retiro (central park; >) Madrilene institutions

6 Plaza Mayor: Bullfights, executions, canonizations (50,000)

7 Plaza Mayor; statue of Felipe IV

8 Sabatini Gardens of Palacio Real: 18 th century

9 Plaza de Cibeles: 18 th century for Roman goddess of nature Cybele (Age of Reason)

10 Roma ethnic minority (gypsies); population 500,000 to 1,000,000 3 Romani women in Madrid

11 La Gran Vía (main street… like Higuera…)

12 Plaza de toros de Ventas (25,000)

13 Soccer / fútbol

14 Plaza de Neptuno; Basílica de San Jerónimo (1499); El Prado

15 El Prado

16 Statue of Carlos V

17 Main hall (galería) on second floor (primera planta)

18 1563: El Escorial: palace, cathedral, monastery, art gallery, library; royal mausoleum


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