Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

¡Ven Conmigo a Madrid! MinaKasey Haris. History of Madrid.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "¡Ven Conmigo a Madrid! MinaKasey Haris. History of Madrid."— Presentation transcript:

1 ¡Ven Conmigo a Madrid! MinaKasey Haris

2 History of Madrid

3 Originally called Mayrit Founded by emir Muhammad in ninth century Arabs were in control of Iberian Peninsula Toledo was the biggest city under Spanish control

4 Reconquista of Spain by Christians Mixture of cultures

5 King Alfonso I relocated Madrid to where it is now in 1083 Plaza Mayor (main square) was built in the 13 th century by John II El Pardo Palace (residence for outside royalty) was built soon after by Enrique III

6 The Spanish Court moved to Madrid in the 16 th /17 th century The 19 th century was a time of great struggle The Spanish Constitution of 1978 confirmed Madrid as capitol city

7 Architecture in Madrid

8 Architecture Principle styles shaped by monarchical dynasties Moors Hapsburgs Bourbons Modern

9 Pre-Capital Madrid Small town before Phillip II moved court there Medieval Madrid – Brick mudéjar towers Mudéjar style by Muslims living on Christian territory in pre-Inquisition Spain – Example: Las Ventas » Bullring

10 Madrid Architecture under the Hapsburgs (16th-17th century) Plaza Mayor – Castilian baroque Grey slate spires Brick-red facades Other – Puente de Segovia – the Casa de la Villa – El Escorial – "Austrias" neighborhood, also known as "La Latina" or "Madrid de los Hapsburgos”

11 Madrid Architecture under the Hapsburgs (16th-17th century) Plaza Mayor – Castilian baroque Grey slate spires Brick-red facades Other – Puente de Segovia – the Casa de la Villa – El Escorial – "Austrias" neighborhood, also known as "La Latina" or "Madrid de los Hapsburgos”

12 Madrid Architecture under the Hapsburgs (16th-17th century) Plaza Mayor – Castilian baroque Grey slate spires Brick-red facades Other – Puente de Segovia – the Casa de la Villa – El Escorial – "Austrias" neighborhood, also known as "La Latina" or "Madrid de los Hapsburgos”

13 Madrid Architecture under the Hapsburgs (16th-17th century) Plaza Mayor – Castilian baroque Grey slate spires Brick-red facades Other – Puente de Segovia – the Casa de la Villa – El Escorial – "Austrias" neighborhood, also known as "La Latina" or "Madrid de los Hapsburgos”

14 Madrid Architecture under the Hapsburgs (16th-17th century) Plaza Mayor – Castilian baroque Grey slate spires Brick-red facades Other – Puente de Segovia – the Casa de la Villa – El Escorial – "Austrias" neighborhood, also known as "La Latina" or "Madrid de los Hapsburgos”

15 Madrid Architecture under the Bourbons (18th-19th century) French and Italian influences – Ornate, decorative – Pedro de Ribera's Hospice – Conde Duque Cuartel – Royal Palace

16 Madrid Architecture under the Bourbons (18th-19th century) French and Italian influences – Ornate, decorative – Pedro de Ribera's Hospice – Conde Duque Cuartel – Royal Palace

17 Madrid Architecture under the Bourbons (18th-19th century) French and Italian influences – Ornate, decorative – Pedro de Ribera's Hospice – Conde Duque Cuartel – Royal Palace

18 Madrid Architecture under the Bourbons (18th-19th century) King Charles III influence – “Bricklayer king“ Paseo del Prado Enlightenment institutions – Museum of Natural Sciences – Astronomical Observatory – Botanical Gardens Classically inspired fountains of Cibeles and Neptuno

19 Madrid Architecture under the Bourbons (18th-19th century) King Charles III influence – “Bricklayer king“ Paseo del Prado Enlightenment institutions – Museum of Natural Sciences – Astronomical Observatory – Botanical Gardens Classically inspired fountains of Cibeles and Neptuno

20 Madrid Architecture under the Bourbons (18th-19th century) King Charles III influence – “Bricklayer king“ Paseo del Prado Enlightenment institutions – Museum of Natural Sciences – Astronomical Observatory – Botanical Gardens Classically inspired fountains of Cibeles and Neptuno

21 Madrid Architecture: 20th Century and Beyond Eclectic Puerta de Europa Torre Picasso Reina Sofia Museum

22 Madrid Architecture: 20th Century and Beyond Eclectic Puerta de Europa Torre Picasso Reina Sofia Museum

23 Madrid Architecture: 20th Century and Beyond Eclectic Puerta de Europa Torre Picasso Reina Sofia Museum

24 Cultural Events and Festivals in Madrid

25 Carnival Celebrated in Madrid since the Middle Ages Tradition to carry through the streets a coffin with a cardboard sardine inside Burial of the sardine marks the beginning of Lent

26 New Year’s Puerta del Sol Tradition to eat a grape for each of the 12 chimes to ring in the New Year and make a wish

27 Calgabata de Reyes January 5 th (afternoon) Children go to bed early and awake to gifts from the Magi in the morning Parade with floats and the Three Kings throwing candy to children

28 Semana Santa Takes place during Holy Week Processions and events take place in Madrid to honor Mary and Jesus A time for Catholics to repent for their sins

29 Feria de San Isidro May 8 th -15 th Bullfights take place in the Las Ventas arena Festival that honors the patron saint of the city Traditional costumes are worn (Chulapo) for men and (Chulapa) for women

30 Veranos de la Villa August 1 st -15 th Photo exhibitions, operas, concerts, and theatre performances Smaller musical performances as well as some internationally acclaimed musicians

31

32 HISTORY ARCHITECTURE CULTURE

33 1-100 Where in Spain is Madrid located?

34 1-200 Who was in control of Madrid (Mayrit) before the Christians? The Arabs

35 1-300 When was Madrid confirmed as the capitol city of Spain? 1978

36 1-400 Which king relocated Madrid to where it is now? King Alfonso I

37 2-100 Name one of the two European countries that influenced Madrid’s architecture Italy and France

38 2-200 Name two of the four dynasties that shaped Madrid’s architecture Moors, Hapsburgs, Bourbons, and Modern

39 2-300 What style influenced this? Plaza Mayor Hapsburgs

40 2-400 Who is the “bricklayer” king? King Charles III

41 3-100 What fruit do people eat to celebrate New Year’s in Madrid? Grapes

42 3-200 What animal is carried in a coffin during Carnival? Sardines

43 3-300 Where do the bullfights take place? The Las Ventas Arena

44 3-400 What is the name of the traditional costume men wear during the Feria de San Isidro? Chulapo


Download ppt "¡Ven Conmigo a Madrid! MinaKasey Haris. History of Madrid."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google