Environmental Aspects/Impacts Environmental aspect (cause) element of organizations activities, products, or services which can interact with the environment Environmental impact (effect) any change to the environment whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organization’s activities, products, or services
Aspects and Impacts (4.3.1) An organization evaluates and addresses its own significant aspects, including non-regulated aspects May be positive or negative Examples: Aspect -- Cardboard Recycling Impact -- Conservation of natural resources Aspect -- Particulate filters at paint booth Impact -- Loss of landfill space
Aspects and Impacts Consider: Air emissions Solid/hazardous waste Contamination of land Noise, vibration and odor Water effluents Land use, energy use, water use Raw material and resource use Positive environmental issues
Sources of information process flow diagram input/output data (mass balance) regulatory reports utility bills waste hauling records purchasing receipts records of external communication existing data (such as from a quality program) –Gross rejected parts, customer returns –Avg. machine costs/hr –Raw material inventory – days on hand
Identifying Aspects & Impacts 1)Select an activity, a product or service. 2)Identify as many environmental aspects as possible associated with the selected activity. 3)Identify as many actual and potential, positive and negative, environmental impacts associated with each identified aspect.
Exercise How does Bicque Pens interface with the environment ? Review flow chart of the process to understand inputs and outputs Develop table of aspects and impacts for Bicque Pens.
Aspects & Impacts Off-spec material Hazardous waste incineration Emissions of VOCs Spills and leaks of inks and solvents Electricity consumption Use of recycled brass Dec. landfill space Degradation of air quality Inc. ground level O3 Soil and groundwater contamination Air pollution, global warming Cons. nat. resources
Employee Involvement Formal Identification Environmental Aspects and Impacts. –Konica Environmental Group (KEG) and DPPEA worked together to investigate activities throughout the organization.
Marine Corps ISO 14001 Pilot Project Encampment Lead Responsibility - Fish and Wildlife Division, Compliance Division, and Planning Division Environmental Aspects Input (raw material and labor) Conservation Soil disturbance leading to Erosion and Sedimentation Accidental Spillage - Vehicle /Helicopter/Equipment fluids Gray water Soil disturbance leading to Erosion and Sedimentation Accidental Spillage - Vehicle/Helicopter/Equipment fluids Gray water Accidental Spillage - Vehicle/Helicopter/Equipment fluids Gray water Fuel Consumption - Use of a Nonrenewable Resource Training within a Natural Environment (Plant, Wildlife, Wetlands) Training within species habitat Disposal of Spill Residue Disposal of Solid Waste Disposal of Hazardous Waste Particulate Matter from Operating Vehicles Off-road Air Emissions from equipment and vehicles Outdoor burning - PM Surface Water Impacts Waste Impacts Soil Impacts Air Impacts Groundwater Impacts Resource Impacts Nuisance Impacts
Ranking (4.3.1) The organization shall establish and maintain procedures to identify its environmental aspects in order to determine those which can have a significant impact on the environment. Rank aspects and impacts in order to assess their significance Company-specific
Ranking Exercise Using the ranking system provided: 1. Rank your aspects and impacts. 2. Assess which are significant.
Scoring Guide for Ranking Significance Environmental Planning Division Marine Corps ISO 14001 Pilot Project
Example Significance Matrix Activity, Product, Service AspectImpactLegal Liability Public Concern FrequencySeverityOS R Significance (OSR>2.5) Dissolve Mineral Ore Water use Resource depletion 13211.75No Natura l Gas Use Resource depletion 11221.50No Natura l Gas Use Air pollution (Nox) 12211.50No Use of Strong Acids Spills to land or water 32332.75Yes OSR – overall significant ranking
Significance Scoring From Environmental Concerns such as: regulatory/legal exposure health risk/people resource conservation To Business Concerns such as: effect on the public image/community cost savings cost recovery period equipment/facility
Significance Scoring (cont.) Also may consider issues such as: scale of impact duration of impact zone of impact probability of occurrence or likelihood - frequent, likely, possible, rarely, unlikely severity of impact - catastrophic, severe, moderate, minor
Summary of A&I Analysis Novozymes 864 aspects 83 #1 ratings 30 rankings 11 significant aspects 14 aspects used for setting objectives and targets.