History and Government The historical independence process had two big phases; first the country became a regional unit ( Banda Oriental ) and later, on July 18, 1830, an independent nation. During the first years of being an independent country Uruguay received a great number of immigrants. Uruguay enjoys a solid democracy and an excellent social environment. There are three main political parties.
Literacy level The official eduacational system is compulsory up to secondary level. Its third basic principle is that it should not be influenced by ideological or religious beliefs of any kind. The rate of literacy in the country is very high.
The Uruguayan Economy Uruguay has an efficient service sector. This strategy is made possible as a result of a political and social environment. A frame of policies and incentives to promote the expansion of exports. Mechanisms which make possible to promote the growth and diversification of agriculture and manifacturing for export.
The Uruguayan Economy The private sector is considered to have a fundamental role in the future growth of the economy. The current economy policies sustain as an essential resource for achieving the established objectives. The Uruguay of today is engaged in a policy of Latin American integration.
Trade Balance As in the financial sphere, since the mid 70´s Uruguay has undertaken a progressive liberalization of its trade relations. Imports, tariffs were reduced and quotas and other barriers were eliminated. There are no non – tariff barriers. Export promotion made it possible to break with the extreme dependence on a very limited number of commodities.