Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

DEPARTMENT of AGRICULTURE MEGHALAYA WORKSHOP on AGRICULTURE STRATEGIES, POLICIES and PRACTICES GUWAHATI 30 th September – 1 st October 2010.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "DEPARTMENT of AGRICULTURE MEGHALAYA WORKSHOP on AGRICULTURE STRATEGIES, POLICIES and PRACTICES GUWAHATI 30 th September – 1 st October 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 DEPARTMENT of AGRICULTURE MEGHALAYA WORKSHOP on AGRICULTURE STRATEGIES, POLICIES and PRACTICES GUWAHATI 30 th September – 1 st October 2010

2 The State Agriculture Department Directorate of Horticulture created in 1995 Directorate of Irrigation created in 2001 bifurcated into Water Resources Department in 2009 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Directorate of Agriculture Directorate of Horticulture Directorate of Irrigation

3 Progress of Agriculture Sector Ratio of cultivated area to geographical area of the State is about 15% during Gross Cropped area of 3.37 lakh hectares with net cropped area of 2.84 lakh hectares and area sown more than once is 0.53 lakh hectares during Cropping Intensity stagnating at 125%, still below all India Average of 130.5% Source: Statistical Abstract 2009, Directorate of Economics & Statistics

4 Policy Objectives (Agriculture sub-sector) Shift to “Cluster Approach” – actual needs of farmers, concentration of resources, perceptible impact Bridging (narrowing) gap between demand (4,20,000 MT) and supply (2,00,077 MT) of Rice Water Management Watershed-based development Agri-Entrepreneurship - capacity building

5 Reasons for low yield in Rice production Popularity of local traditional varieties – preferred taste but low yield Slow adoption of scientific farming practices - broadcasting method still in vogue Farmers not applying complete package of practices Land tenure system – share- cropping, ownership patterns Inadequate credit support- low CD ratio (69%) Labour issues – availability, cost, winter planting

6 Strategy to increase Rice production (Increase Productivity) Increase SRR (HYV, Hybrids) Breeding varieties with acceptable taste, aroma and with higher yields – IRRI assistance Improved cultivation practices – transplanting, SRI demonstration, prescribed package of practices Tackling iron toxicity, acidity - STRASA

7 Strategy to increase Rice production (Increase Area) Increase area under cultivation – topography constraints; MCS, spring paddy (‘Boro’, ‘Ahu’) Increase irrigation facilities for multiple cropping – mini check dams, STW, SWP Mechanisation – power tillers, reapers, threshers (offset labour problems)

8 Irrigation/Water Management Strategy High rainfall, high run-off Water-harvesting structures Mini Irrigation Check dams Shallow Tube Wells Surface water pumping Dugouts Hydrams Participatory water management (WUAs)

9 Maize Annual Production = 25,138 MT Advantages – pre-kharif, kharif, pre- rabi, rabi - encourage year-round cultivation STRATEGY Increase cultivation of Maize & Pulses (Maize+Soyabean) Cultivation in clusters Varieties needed by Feed Mills

10 Micro Watersheds under NWDPRA 32 Watersheds during 9 th Plan; 78 Watersheds during 10 th Plan; 78 Watersheds during 11 th Plan Ideal focal points for convergence – BRGF, NREGA, Development Departments Need-based micro-plans – unique to each watershed Watershed committees are registered societies – easier access to funds (FI, MPLADS, SRWP, RKVY, MMA) Base for integrated farming system – livestock, fodder, crops, aquaculture Water-traps along water courses – irrigation 1 st tier agricultural development - subsequent tiers can be dovetailed

11 Mechanisation Power Tillers - increased popularity and acceptance Low level of Subsidy - Rs.45,000/- Farmers difficulty in mobilising remaining amount Need to fix a floating % as subsidy Need to raise subsidy level – special consideration for NER (75%)

12 TREYSEFA Training of Rural Educated Youth for Self Employment in Farm-based Activities Foster agricultural entrepreneurship Selection Criteria – Matriculate, possession of own or family land Subjects taught – agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, fisheries, accounting, civil engineering, group formation, mechanisation, soil/water conservation Duration - 5 Months; Stipend - Rs.500 per month; Seed Money - Rs.10,000/- Year of inception ; Youth trained – 400 Success stories – formation of crop-growers association; rentals of machineries; integrated activity

13 Horticulture sub-sector ……onward towards being a Fruit ‘n’ Flower State……

14  Consolidating traditional strengths  Capitalising on emerging opportunities Policy Objectives

15 2nd – ginger production 3rd – strawberries Off-season vegetables Leading producer of anthurium Emerging producer of coloured capsicum High quality ‘Lakadong’ turmeric (high % of curcumin) Tasty and juicy oranges (‘Khasi Mandarin’) Good quality cashew Orthodox, CTC, Green Tea Inherently organic by tradition Present Position

16 Crop NameArea (Hectares) Production (MT) Yield (MT/Ha) Potato17,6901,61, Pineapple10,5231,02, Ginger9,28350, Citrus9,36837, Cashew nut7,59913, Turmeric1,95910, Traditional Strengths (data for )

17 Bottlenecks and Drawbacks Planting material – poor quality, high cost of imports Post harvest losses Handling losses – rail, air Un-organised marketing – fluctuating price, multi-tiered middle-men High transport costs High cost of packaging material Processing facilities – rudimentary, low volumes

18 Thrust Areas Upgrading Departmental Farms - quality planting material (QPM), private nurseries Tissue Culture Laboratory – large scale QPM production Post Harvest Management - Cold Chains (pre-coolers, cold rooms, reefers) Marketing – regulated markets, farmers markets, Border Haats, Look-East, Look-South, Israeli colloboration Agro-Processing and Value Addition Low volume high value crops

19 Promising Prospects Improved Technology - protected cultivation, plasticulture, green house, polyhouse, shade house, micro- irrigation Floriculture – roses, anthuriums, liliums, carnations, gerberas, orchids, BOP, heliconia Exotic vegetables – bell-peppers, broccoli, cherry tomatoes Exotic fruits – strawberries, kiwis, raspberries, blue berries Organic produce - certification

20 Hub-and-spoke model; C2C (Concept to Completion); Buy- back - PPP Centres of excellence – prescribed package of practices Experiments Training – PTC+ Development of Spokes Aggregation Storage Dispatch Horti Hubs

21 Hub-specialities Thadlaskein (JH) – Gerberas, Leather leaf fern, Cattleya Upper Shillong (EKH) – Gerberas, Orchids (cymbidiums) Nongstoin (WKH) – Carnations Dewlieh (RB) – Roses, Strawberries Samgong (EGH) – Anthuriums, Bell-peppers Rongram (WGH) – Anthuriums, Bell-peppers, Cherry-tomatoes Minneng (SGH) – Dendrobiums, Liliums

22 GOI issues Cost norms for protected cultivation – unrealistic, low Need for projectised proposals Proposal passed by SLSC modified at the Ministry level RKVY pattern of sanction Technology Mission on Horticulture Subsidies Transport Packaging Material Due Diligence Approved rates Approved Firms/Suppliers

23 THANK YOU


Download ppt "DEPARTMENT of AGRICULTURE MEGHALAYA WORKSHOP on AGRICULTURE STRATEGIES, POLICIES and PRACTICES GUWAHATI 30 th September – 1 st October 2010."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google