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Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Chapter 7 Competitive Strategy and the Industry Environment Strategic Charles W. L. Hill Management Gareth R. Jones Fifth Edition PowerPoint Presentation by Charlie Cook An Integrated Approach
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-2 Strategies in Fragmented Industries Fragmented industry characteristics: Localized markets with low entry barriers (e.g., Mom’s Diner). Few economies of scale opportunities exist. High transportation costs (e.g., sand) for products. Focus strategies predominate (e.g., customer group, region).
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-3 Strategies in Fragmented Industries Competing in fragmented industries requires strategic consolidation by: Chaining (Wal-Mart) Franchising (McDonald’s) Horizontal mergers (Dillard’s) Using the Internet (eBay)
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-4 Strategies in Embryonic and Growth Industries Three strategies for an innovator competing in a newly emerging market/industry: Develop and market the technology itself. Develop and market the technology jointly with another company through a strategic alliance. License the technology to existing companies and let them develop the market.
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-5 FIGURE 7.1 How an Innovator’s Profits Can Be Competed Away Number of Competitors in the Market Many Few Innovator’s Profit Rate High Low Time
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-6 Strategies in Embryonic and Growth Industries An innovator’s optimal choice of growth industry strategy depends on: Complementary assets the innovator has that can be used to exploit and market the innovation. High barriers to imitation by competitors (e.g., patents). The capability of competitors to quickly imitate the pioneering company.
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-7 Strategies for Profiting from Innovation Strategy Does Innovator Have All Required Complementary Assets? Likely Height of Barriers to Imitation Number of Capable Competitors Going it alone YesHighFew Entering into alliance NoHighLimited License innovation NoLowMany TABLE 7.1
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-8 FIGURE 7.2 Strategy in Mature Industries Strategies for Deterring the Entry of Rivals
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-9 FIGURE 7.3 Product Proliferation in the Restaurant Industry McDonald’s
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-10 Strategies to Manage Rivalry in Mature Industries Price signaling Leading competitors use price changes to convey their intentions to other competitors (i.e., tit-for-tat). Price leadership One company sets the industry price; other competitors reference their prices to that price. Nonprice competition Competition by any means other than price.
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-11 FIGURE 7.4 Four Nonprice Competitive Strategies
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-12 Strategies to Manage Rivalry in Mature Industries Capacity control strategies Preempt rival firms by building capacity ahead of anticipated increases in demand. Indirect coordination with rival firms to keep industry- wide capacity in line with demand.
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-13 FIGURE 7.5 Changes in Industry Capacity and Demand
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-14 Supply and Distribution Strategy in Mature Industries Vertical integration Backward towards input suppliers. Forward into distribution to consumers. Choice of integration depends on: Need for close relationships with suppliers. Japanese vs. American styles Need to ensure customer relationships. Complexity of product Amount of product information required
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-15 Strategies in Declining Industries Leadership strategy A firm seeks to become dominant in the industry. Niche strategy Focuses on demand pockets declining more slowly than the industry as a whole. Harvest strategy Limits investment and optimizes cash flow. Divestment strategy Company exits the industry by selling out early to others, avoiding liquidation.
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-16 FIGURE 7.6 Factors That Determine the Intensity of Competition in Declining Industries
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-17 FIGURE 7.7 Strategy Selection in a Declining Industry
Copyright © 2001 Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7-18 FIGURE 7.8 A Harvest Strategy
Unit 3 (b) – Business level strategies R.Kannan. 4-2 What Is Business-Level Strategy? Business-level strategy – A plan of action to use the firm’s resources.
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3- Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 1 Organizational Theory, Design, and Change Sixth Edition Gareth R. Jones Chapter.
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CHAPTER 8 CORPORATE STRATEGY: Diversification and the Multibusiness Company Student Version McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright ®2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies,
Copyright 2006 – Biz/ed Business Strategy.
Step 1. Analyze External Environment Tool To Identify Attractive Markets.
Part Seven Promotion Decisions 18 Integrated Marketing Communications.
1-1 Chapter 1 Framework for e-Commerce McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2004 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
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1 Strategy Implementation Strategic Entrepreneurship Organizational Structure and Structure and Controls Corporate Governance Strategic Leadership Strategy.
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ISM 158 Lecture 3 IT Impact on Business Models Key Learning Objectives Understand that IT can impact the business model through its effects on strategy.
Introduction to Strategic Management HCAD What is Strategy? Strategy is the overall plan for deploying resources to establish a favorable position.
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Copyright © 2005 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.3–1 Planning Defined Defining the organizations objectives or goals Establishing an overall strategy.
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