We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
supports HTML5 video
Modified over 4 years ago
Building Competitive Advantage Through Business-Level StrategyChapter Five Building Competitive Advantage Through Business-Level Strategy
Business-Level StrategyA successful business model results from business level strategies that create a competitive advantage over its rivals. They must decide on: Customer needs – WHAT is to be satisfied Customer groups – WHO is to be satisfied Distinctive competencies – HOW customers are to be satisfied These decisions determine which strategies are formulated & implemented to put a business model into action. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Customer Needs: Product DifferentiationThe desires, wants, or cravings that can be satisfied through product attributes Customers choose a product based on: The way the product is differentiated from other products of its type The price of the product Product differentiation Designing products to satisfy customers’ needs in ways that competing products cannot: Different ways to achieve distinctiveness Balancing differentiation with costs Ability to charge a higher or premium price Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Customer Needs: Market SegmentationThe way customers can be grouped based on important differences in their needs or preferences In order to gain a competitive advantage Main Approaches to Segmenting Markets Ignore differences in customer segments – Make a product for the typical or average customer Recognize differences between customer groups – Make products that meet the needs of all or most customer groups Target specific segments – Choose to focus on and serve just one or two selected segment Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Identifying Customer Groups and Market SegmentsFigure 5.1 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Three Approaches to Market SegmentationFigure 5.2 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Implementing the Business ModelTo develop a successful business model, strategic managers must devise a set of strategies that determine: How to DIFFERENTIATE their product How to PRICE their product How to SEGMENT their markets How WIDE A RANGE of products to develop A profitable business model depends on providing the customer with the most value while keeping cost structures viable. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Wal-Mart’s Business ModelFigure 5.3 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Competitive Positioning at the Business LevelMaximizing the profitability of the company’s business model is about making the right choices with regard to value creation through differentiation, costs, and pricing. Figure 5.4 Source: Copyright © C. W. L. Hill & G. R. Jones, “The Dynamics of Business-Level Strategy,” (unpublished manuscript, 2002). Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Generic Business-Level StrategiesSpecific business-level strategies that give a company a specific competitive position and advantage vis-à-vis its rivals Characteristics of Generic Strategies Can be pursued by all businesses regardless of whether they are manufacturing, service, or nonprofit Can be pursued in different kinds of industry environments Results from a company’s consistent choices on product, market, and distinctive competencies Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
The Four Principal Generic Business-Level StrategiesCost Leadership Lowest cost structure vis-à-vis competitors allowing price flexibility & higher profitability Focused Cost Leadership Cost leadership in selected market niches where it has a local or unique cost advantage Differentiation Features important to customers & distinct from competitors that allow premium pricing Focused Differentiation Distinctiveness in selected market niches where it better meets the needs of customers than the broad differentiators Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cost Leadership Generic Business-Level StrategiesCost leaders establish a cost structure that allows them to provide goods and services at lower unit costs than competitors. Strategic Choices The cost leader does not try to be the industry innovator. The cost leader positions its products to appeal to the “average” or typical customer. The overriding goal of the cost leader is to increase efficiency and lower its costs relative to industry rivals. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Advantages of Cost Leadership StrategiesProtected from industry competitors by cost advantage Less affected by increased prices of inputs if there are powerful suppliers Less affected by a fall in price of inputs if there are powerful buyers Purchases in large quantities increase bargaining power over suppliers Ability to reduce price to compete with substitute products Low costs and prices are a barrier to entry Cost leader is able to charge a lower price or is able to achieve superior profitability than its competitors at the same price. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Disadvantages Cost Leadership Strategies Competitors may lower their cost structures. Competitors may imitate the cost leader’s methods. Cost reductions may affect demand. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Why Focus Strategies Are DifferentFigure 5.7 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Focus Generic Business-Level StrategiesThe focuser strives to serve the need of a targeted niche market segment where it has either a low-cost or differentiated competitive advantage. Strategic Choices The focuser selects a specific market niche that may be based on: Geography Type of customer Segment of product line Focused company positions itself as either: Low-Cost or Differentiator Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Advantages: Focus StrategiesThe focuser is protected from rivals to the extent it can provide a product or service they cannot. The focuser has power over buyers because they cannot get the same thing from anyone else. The threat of new entrants is limited by customer loyalty to the focuser. Customer loyalty lessens the threat from substitutes. The focuser stays close to its customers and their changing needs. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Disadvantages: Focus StrategiesThe focuser is at a disadvantage with regard to powerful suppliers because it buys in small volume but it may be able to pass costs along to loyal customers. Because of low volume, a focuser may have higher costs than a low-cost company. The focuser’s niche may disappear because of technological change or changes in customers’ tastes. Differentiators will compete for a focuser’s niche. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Differentiation: Generic Business-Level StrategiesCompanies with a differentiation strategy create a product that is different or distinct from its competitors in an important way. Strategic Choices A differentiator strives to differentiate itself on as many dimensions as possible. Differentiator focuses on quality, innovation, and responsiveness to customer needs. May segment the market in many niches. A differentiated company concentrates on the organizational functions that provide a source of distinct advantages. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Advantages of Differentiation StrategiesCustomers develop brand loyalty. Powerful suppliers are not a problem because the company is geared more toward the price it can charge than its costs. Differentiators can pass price increases on to customers. Powerful buyers are not a problem because the product is distinct. Differentiation and brand loyalty are barriers to entry. The threat of substitute products depends on competitors’ ability to meet customer needs. Differentiators can create demand for their distinct products and charge a premium price, resulting in greater revenue and higher profitability. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Disadvantages of Differentiation StrategiesDifficulty maintaining long-term distinctiveness in customers’ eyes. Agile competitors can quickly imitate. Patents and first-mover advantage are limited. Difficulty maintaining premium price. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Broad Differentiation: Cost Leadership and DifferentiationA broad differentiation business model may result when a successful differentiator has pursued its strategy in a way that has also allowed it to lower its cost structure: Using robots and flexible manufacturing cells reduces costs while producing different products. Standardizing component parts used in different end products can achieve economies of scale. Limiting customer options reduces production and marketing costs. JIT inventory can reduce costs and improve quality and reliability. Using the Internet and e-commerce can provide information to customers and reduce costs. Low-cost and differentiated products are often both produced in countries with low labor costs. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Competitive Positioning: Strategic GroupsStrategic Groups are groups of companies that follow a business model similar to other companies within their strategic group, but are different from that of other companies in other strategic groups. Implications of Strategic Groups for Competitive Positioning: Strategic managers must map their competitors: Map according to their choice of business model Use this knowledge to position themselves closer to customers Differentiate themselves from their competitors Use the map to better understand changes in the industry Affecting its relative position vis-à-vis differentiation & cost structure To identify opportunities and threats Identify emerging threats from companies outside the strategic group Determine which strategies are successful Why certain business models are working or not Fine tune or radically alter business models and strategies to improve competitive position Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Failures in Competitive PositioningSuccessful competitive positioning requires that a company achieve a fit between its strategies and its business model. Many companies, through neglect, ignorance or error: Do not work continually to improve their business model Do not perform strategic group analysis Often fail to identify and respond to changing opportunities and threats in the industry environment Companies lose their position on the value frontier – They have lost their source of competitive advantage Their rivals have found ways to push out the value-creation frontier and leave them behind There is no more important task than ensuring that the company is optimally positioned against its rivals to compete for customers. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
The Five Generic Competitive Strategies
Unit 3 (b) – Business level strategies
2 External Analysis: The Identification of Industry Opportunities and Threats.
Building Competitive Advantage Through Business-Level Strategy
External Analysis: The Identification of Opportunities and Threats
EVALUATING A COMPANY’S EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
Competing For Advantage
Chapter 5 Business-Level Strategy
Chapter 5 BUILDING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE THROUGH BUSINESS-LEVEL STRATEGY.
Chapter 4: Business-Level Strategy
from Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining
Chapter Three Internal Analysis: Distinctive Competencies, Competitive Advantage, and Profitability.
5 Chapter 5: Building Competitive Advantage Through Business-Level Strategy BA 469 Spring Term, 2007 Prof. Dowling.
3 Chapter 3: Internal Analysis: Distinctive Competencies, Competitive Advantage, and Profitability BA 469 Spring Term, 2007 Prof. Dowling.
Strategic Elements of Competitive Advantage
© 2019 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.