Presentation on theme: "Cloning and Animal Transport Peter Stevenson Compassion in World Farming."— Presentation transcript:
Cloning and Animal Transport Peter Stevenson Compassion in World Farming
Cloning involves substantial animal suffering Surrogate dams - EFSA: –increased frequencies of abnormal or difficult birth, especially in cattle –‘large offspring syndrome’ leads to Caesarean sections being more frequent in cattle carrying a clone than with conventional pregnancies
Health & Welfare of Clones EFSA: “The health and welfare of a significant proportion of clones... have been found to be adversely affected, often severely and with a fatal outcome” Most cloned embryos die during pregnancy Of those that survive, a significant proportion die early in life from cardiovascular failure, respiratory problems or defective immune systems.
European Group on Ethics “Considering the current level of suffering and health problems of surrogate dams and animal clones, the EGE has doubts as to whether cloning animals for food supply is ethically justified”.
How is cloning likely to be used in the livestock sector? Will be used to produce copies of highest yielding cows & fastest growing pigs Traditional selective breeding has led to major health problems for such animals EFSA: genetic selection for high milk yield is the major factor causing poor health & welfare in dairy cows EFSA: genetic selection of pigs for rapid growth has led to leg & cardiovascular disorders Cloning will lead to an even higher proportion of animals suffering from such health & welfare problems
Commission report Proposes temporary suspension of: –cloning in EU & import of clones –sale of food from clones BUT permits: –imports of offspring of clones & of semen & embryos of clones –sale of food from offspring
Impact of Commission report Allows EU farmers to use offspring of clones (provided the cloning is carried out in third country) & to sell meat & milk form offspring Will not deter cloning as industry does not want to sell meat & milk from clones (they are elite breeding stock) It is the meat & milk from the offspring that they wish to sell & this will be permitted EU must ban all aspects of cloning
Need for improved enforcement of Transport Regulation
Journey log deficiencies Some authorities accept journey logs with unrealistically short estimated journey times as a result the rest stops that are obligatory for long journeys are neither planned nor carried out Copyright Animals’ Angels
Unrealistically short estimated journey times animals do not get 24h mid-journey rest FVO report on France, 2009 –Authorities approve short estimated times for cattle to Sicily & Greece & pigs to Sicily FVO report on Belgium, 2009 –Journey logs examined from different countries were deficient, incomplete & unrealistic FVO report on Poland, 2010 –Authorities approve short estimated times for calves to Italy Two FVO reports on Spain, 2010 –Authorities regularly approve unrealistic estimated times – in some cases actual journey 3 times longer than indicated in log FVO report on Lithuania, 2010 –“officials reviewing journey logs had failed to ensure that they were realistic for the proposed journeys”
Failure to give food, water & rest Requirement often ignored to give animals food, water & 24h rest part way through long journeys Sometimes no rest break at all Sometimes rest much shorter than required by 1/2005 FVO, 2009: animals rested <24h in the case of 44 of the 55 consignments stopping at French control post FVO, 2009: calves arriving in Belgium after long journey from other Member States sometimes get just 1h rest prior to re- export
Overcrowding – particularly harmful when combined with inadequate ventilation, water deprivation & high summer temperatures Copyright Animals’ Angels Permitted stocking density often exceeded
Unfit animals frequently transported FVO Bulgaria, 2009: unfit animals being transported FVO France, 2009: transport of unfit animals continues to be a serious problem in France FVO Lithuania, 2010: transport of unfit animals to slaughter FVO Spain, 2010: many cows with serious injuries & arthritic lambs transported to slaughter FVO Spain, 2010: actions of CA “still not sufficient to deter” transport of unfit animals